It's History!
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Archives by Bruce T. Goldman
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Welcome to It's History! for today, Wednesday, September 19, 2018.

Events for today in history Birthdays  Deaths
1356 English defeat French at Battle of Poitiers
1523 Emperor Charles I & England sign anti-French covenant
1559 5 Spanish ships sinks in storm off Tampa, about 600 die
1580 Treaty of Plessis-lez-Tours (Anjou/Dutch States-General)
1602 Grave surrenders to earl Mauritius
1642 Perpignan surrenders to French troops
1656 Treaty of Labiau: Sweden gives Prussia, Brandenburg
1657 Brandenburg & Poland sign Treaty of Wehlau
1668 Polish king John II Kazimierz resigns/goes to France
1676 Rebels under Nathaniel Bacon set Jamestown Va on fire
1755 England & Russia sign military agreement
1777 Battle of Freeman's Farm (Bemis Heights) or 1st Battle of Saratoga
1795 Tula, leader of Curaçao slave opposition, imprisoned
1796 George Washington's farewell address as president
1799 English & Russian invasion army conquerors Receiver
1833 Charles Darwin visits Guardia del Monte, Argentina
1838 Ephraim Morris patents railroad brake
1846 Elizabeth Barrett & Robert Browning elopes
1848 Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (US) & Lassell (England)
1849 1st commercial laundry established, in Oaklan, California
1854 Henry Meyer patents sleeping rail car
1862 -20] Battle at Blackford's Ford Virginia
1862 Battle at Iuka Mississippi (1,700 casualties)
1863 Battle of Chickamauga GA (near Chattanooga) begins; Union retreat
1864 3rd Battle of Winchester Virginia (Opequon, 3rd Winchester)
1865 Atlanta University forms
1870 Siege of Paris begins
1873 Black Friday: Jay Cooke & Co fails, causing a securities panic
1876 1st carpet sweeper patented (Melville Bissell of Grand Rapids, Mich)
1876 Talks begin to set up a football club in Ottawa
1879 Thomas Ray becomes youngest to break a world track & field record pole-vaulting 11' 2¬" at age 17 years & 198 days
1888 World's 1st beauty contest (Spa Belgium)
1890 Turkish frigate "Ertogrul" burns off of Japan, kills 540
1893 NZ is 1st country to grant all its women the right to vote
1901 11 baseball games canceled due to funeral of Pres William McKinley
1903 King Leopold II deny Belgian cruelty in Congo
1904 Gen Nogi's assault on Port Arthur: 16,000 Japanese casualties
1908 Gustav Mahler's 7th Symphony, premieres in Prague
1910 George Cohan's "Get-Rich-Quick Wallingford," premieres in NYC
1911 Red Tuesday-20,000 protest for universal rights
1912 Pius X encyclical Singular quadam, against interconfess unions
1912 Soccer team NAC (Noad Advendo Combination) forms in Breda
1914 Brooklyn's Ed Lafitte no-hits KC (Federal League), 6-2
1916 1st landing on Schiphol (Farman F-22 of Soesterberg)
1916 Belgian troops conquer Tabora, German East Africa
1921 41st US Mens Tennis: William T Tilden beats Wm M Johnston (61 63 61)
1922 Queen Wilhelmina's takes Dutch throne with 119 word speech
1923 Ernst Tollers "Hinkemann," premieres in Leipzig
1925 45th US Mens Tennis: Wm T Tilden beats Wm M Johnston (46 119 63 46 63)
1926 80,000 demonstrate for democratic peace in Hague
1928 Mickey Mouse's screen debut (Steamboat Willie at Colony Theater NYC)
1929 Latvia dictator A Woldemaras chased out
1931 14th PGA Championship: Tom Creavy at Wannamoisett CC Rumford RI
1931 Japanese troops conquer Mukden, South Manchuria
1931 Lefty Grove wins his 30th game of season over White Sox, 2-1
1933 NY Giants clinch the pennant
1934 Bruno Haptmann arrested for kidnapping Lindbergh baby
1939 British Expeditionary Force reaches France
1939 Lord Haw-Haw becomes radio host of Reichsrundfunk Berlin
1939 Wehrmacht (German regular army) murders 100 Jews in Lukov Poland
1940 Nazi decree forbids gentile woman to work in Jewish homes
1941 1st meeting of partizans Tito & Draza Mihailovic in Yugoslavia
1941 German army conquerors Kiev
1941 Nazi's force German Jews, 6 & over to wear Jewish stars
1943 Fanny Whiteers-Koen breaks jumping world record
1943 Liberator bombers sinks U-341
1944 Finland & Russia agree to cease fire
1944 Luftwaffe bombs Eindhoven: 200 killed
1945 Kim Il Sung arrives in harbor of Wonsan, Korea
1945 Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London
1947 Jackie Robinson is named 1947 "Rookie of Year"
1948 62nd US Womens Tennis: M Osborne duPont beats A L Brough (46 64 15-13)
1948 68th US Mens Tennis: "Pancho" Gonzales beats E Sturgess (62 63 14-12)
1948 Richard A Gonzales wins US Tennis Open
1950 European Payment Union forms in Paris
1950 Great Three acknowledge Bond govt as only German govt
1950 UN reject membership of China's People Republic
1951 1st broadcast of "Search for Tomorrow" on CBS-TV
1951 Italian civil servants strike for pay increase
1953 "Hazel Flagg" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 190 perfs
1954 Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Wichita Golf Open
1955 Argentine president Juan Perón, resigns & flees
1955 Cubs slugger Ernie Banks hits record 5th grand slam of season
1955 Hurricane Hilda, kills 200 in Mexico
1956 1st intl conference of black writers & artists meets (Sorbonne)
1957 1st underground nuclear explosion at Las Vegas Nevada
1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1959 Nikita Khrushchev is denied access to Disneyland
1960 Chubby Checkers' "Twist" reaches #1
1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1965 Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Visalia Golf Open
1965 Erhards CDU wins West German parliament elections
1966 Mike Burke named Yankees pres
1967 Nigeria begins offensive against Biafra
1968 Denny McLain's 31st win & Mickey Mantle's 535th HR
1970 "Mary Tyler Moore" show premieres
1971 1st NYC Women's Marathon won by Beth Bonner in 2:55:22
1971 2nd NYC Marathon won by Norman Higgins in 2:22:54
1973 Carl XVI Gustaf, becomes King of Sweden
1973 Frank Robinson homers in record 32nd ML park (Arlington Tx)
1973 NL refuses to allow San Diego Padres move to Washington DC
1973 Pirate Radio Free America (off Cape May NJ) forms
1973 USSR performs underground nuclear test
1974 -20] Hurricane Fifi hits coast of Honduras; about 5,000 die
1975 Indonesia sends troops to Portuguese East Timor
1976 "Going Up" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 49 performances
1976 Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA Portland Golf Classic
1979 No Nukes Concert at MSG includes Springsteen & Crosby, Stills & Nash
1980 Titan II missile explosion (Damascus, AR)
1981 Paul Simon & Art Garfunkel perform a reunion concert in Central Park
1981 Satellites China 10 & 11 launched into Earth orbit by B-1 rocket
1981 Simon & Garfunkel reunite for a NYC Central Park concert
1982 34th Emmy Awards: Hill St Blue, Barney Miller, Alan Alda & Carol Kane
1982 New Orleans Saints 1st road shutout victory beating Chic Bears 10-0
1982 Sandra Haynie/Kathy McMullen wins Portland Ping Team Golf Championship
1982 Streetcars stop running on Market St after 122 years of service
1983 David Slowinski on 2 CRAY-1 comp's find 2^132049-1 prime #
1983 St Kitts & Nevis declares independence from UK
1984 Britain & China complete a proposed agreement to transfer Hong Kong to China by 1997
1985 12,000 die & 40,000 injured in Mexico's earthquake (8.1)
1986 "Captain EO" with Michael Jackson premieres
1986 Chic White Sox Joe Crowley no-hits Calif Angels, 7-1
1986 Dean Jones scores 210 v India at Madras
1986 Fed health officials announce AZT will be available to AIDS patients
1987 Kaye Lani Rae Rafko (Mich), 24, crowned 61st Miss America
1988 Israel launches 1st satellite, for secret military reconnaissance
1988 US Olympic diver Greg Louganis hits his head on diving board
1989 Chase Manhattan Discovery Center at Brooklyn Botanic Garden opens
1989 French DC-10 crashes near Niger, 171 die
1989 Appeals court restores America's Cup to US after NY Supreme Court gave it to NZ (NZ protested US's use of a catamaran)
1991 Precious Bunny wins the 46th Little Brown Jug
1992 Sergei Boebka pole vaults world record (6.13m)
1992 UN Security Council votes 12-0 (3 abstentions) to dump Yugoslavia
1992 Barry Bonds joins Willie Mays, Howard Johnson & Ron Gant as having (2) 30-HR/30-steal seasons
1993 45th Emmy Awards: Seinfeld, Picket Fences & Ted Danson wins
1993 Actress Michele Phillips (Knots Landing) is robbed at gunpoint
1993 Brandie Burton wins LPGA SAFECO Golf Classic
1993 Kimberly Clarice Aiken, 18, Miss SC wins 67th Miss America
1993 Parliamentary election in Poland
1993 Tom Glavine wins 20 games in 3 straight years
1994 3000 US militia lands on Ha‹ti
1994 Swedish govt of Bildt resigns
1995 Andres Galarraga is 4th to hit 30 HRs for Rockies in 1995
1995 Padres Ken Caminiti switch hits HRs in 3rd of 4 games
1996 "Skylight" opens at Royale Theater NYC
Birthdays for today in history Events  Deaths
0086Antoninus Pius, 15th Roman emperor (138-161)
0866Leo VI Sophos, Byzantine Emperor (886-912)/writer (Problematica)
1551Henry III, duke of Anjou/king of Poland/France (1573/4-89)
1655Jan Luyts, Netherlands, scholar/physicist/mathematician/astronomer
1705Henri-Jacques de Croes, Flemish composer/band master
1730Augustin Pajou, French (court)sculptor (Psyche abandonnée)
1737Charles Carroll, signed Decl of Ind
1769Joseph Comb, missionary to Molukkas
1770Johann G Repsold, German instrument maker
1800William Wister McKean, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1865
1802Louis Kossuth, Hungary, President of Hungary (1849)
1822Joseph Rodman West, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
1824Carl Ignaz Franz Umlauf, composer
1837Adolf Gustaw Sonnenfeld, composer
1862Adeline De Walt Reynolds, Benton County IA, actress (Son of Dracula)
1867Arthur Rackham, England, artist/illustrator (Grimm's Fairy Tales)
1871Fritz Schaudinn, German animal expert (examined syphilis)
1882Paul-Marie Masson, composer
1888Porter Hall, Cincinnati OH, actor (Half-Breed, Double Indenity)
1889Ernest Truex, KC Mo, actor (Pop-Pete & Gladys, Mr Peepers)
1889Ricardo Cortez, [Jack Krantz], Vienna Austria, actor/dir (Blackmail)
1889Sarah Delany, author/teacher
1894Cornelis Rijnsdorp, writer (Kings Children)
1898Giuseppe Saragat, president of Italy (1964-71)
1900Solomon Pimsleur, composer
1901Joseph Pasternak, film producer (Anchors Aweigh, Date With Judy)
1902James Van Alen, created Simplified Scoring System for tennis
1902Pieter John Bouman, sociologist/historian
1904Bergen Evans, Ohio, English professor ($64,000 Question)
1904Karen Aabye, Danish author (Less bedstemor there jomfru)
1905Betty Garde, Phila, actress (Aggie-Real McCoys)
1905James Holland, artist/exhibition organiser
1906Dalibor Cyril Vackar, composer
1906Massimo Freccia, composer
1907Lewis F Powell Jr, Va, Supreme Court justice (1972-87)
1908Mika Waltari, novelist (Egyptian)
1910Margaret Lindsay, Dubuque Iowa, actress (Take a Guess)
1911Gustaf Allan Pettersson, composer
1911Weldon Hart, composer
1911William Golding, England, novelist (Lord of the Flies-Nobel 1983)
1912Emma "Nono" Batenburg, actress (Noah)
1914Frances Farmer, Seattle WA, actress (Son of Fury, Among the Living)
1914Rogers Morton, Louisville Ky, US Secretary of Interior (1968-75)
1917Joe Pasternak, Transylvania Hungary, producer (Spinout, Big City)
1919Blanche Thebom, Monessen Penn, mezzo-soprano (Amneris-Aida)
1919Harry Shorto, linguist
1920Karen Khachiturian, composer
1921Billy Ward, US songwriter/singer/pianist/arranger (Dominoes)
1922Catherine Mary Hall, nurse
1922Damon [Francis] Knight, US, sci-fi author (CV, Beyond the Barrier)
1922Dana Zatopek, Czechoslavakia, javelin thrower (Olympic-gold-1952)
1922Emil Zatopek, Czechoslavakia, 5K/10K/marathon (Olympic-gold-1952)
1924Ernest Tomlinson, composer
1926Arthur Wills, composer
1926Edwin "Duke" Snider, Bkln Dodger centerfielder (406 HRs)
1926Lurieen Wallace, (Gov-D-Ala, 1966-68)
1926Pierre Janssen, art museum director
1928Adam West, Walla Walla Wash, actor (Batman, Last Precinct)
1928William Hickey, actor (Prizzi's Honor)
192910th duke of Richmond, English large landowner/art collector
1929Margaret S Roukema, (Rep-R-New Jersey, 1981- )
1929Timothy Colman, Engl manufacturer/multi-millionaire (Reckitt & Colman)
1930Muhal Richard Abrams, composer
1930Rosemary Harris, Ashby Suffolk England, actress (Holocaust)
1931Brook Benton, Camden SC, vocalist (Frankie & Johnny)
1931Ray Danton, NYC, actor/director (Longest Day, Psychic Killer)
1932Mike Royko, Chicago, journalist (Chic Daily News)/author (Boss)
1933David McCallum, Glasgow Scot, actor (Ilyla Kuryakin-Man From UNCLE)
1934Brian Epstein, rock manager (Beatles)
1935Esmond Bulmer, English cider brewer/Conservative Lower house leader
1935Nick Massi, Newark NJ, rocker (4 Seasons-Sherry)
1935Robert Kruger, (Sen-D Texas)
1935Thomas W Ewing, (Rep-R-Illinois)
1936Alfred A Oerter Jr, Astoria NY, discus (Olympic-gold-56, 60, 64, 68)
1937Boris Onischenko, USSR, épée (Olympic-76) disqualified-illegal épée
1938Zygmunt Krauze, composer
1940Bill Medley, Santa Ana Cal, rocker (Righteous Bros-Up Where We Belong)
1940Paul Williams, Omaha NE, singer/composer/actor (Planet of the Apes)
1940Sylvia Tyson, rocker
1941"Mama" Cass Elliot, Balt Maryland, rock vocalist (Mamas & The Papas)
1941Jim Fox, England, pentathlete (Olympics-1972)
1943Chris Joyce, photographer
1943Christi Haas, Austria, downhill skier (Olympic-gold-1964)
1943Joe Leonard Morgan, 2nd baseman (Reds)/commentator (ESPN)
1944Ard Schenk, 500, 1500, 5000k speed skater (Olympics-gold-1972)
1945BenoŒt Lamy, Belgian director
1945David Bromberg, Phila, musician (Demon in Disguise)
1945Freda Payne, Detroit Mich, vocalist (Band of Gold)
1945Jane Blalock, Portsmouth NH, LPGA golfer (1972 Colgate-Dinah Shore
1945Lee Dorman, St Louis Mo, rock bassist (Iron Butterfly)
1945Randolph Mantooth, Sacramento Calif, actor (Emergency, Loving)
1946Hans van de Berg, actor (Ciske the Rat)
1946John Coghlan, London, rock drummer (Status Quo)
1947Larry Brown, NFL runningback (3rd to rush over 4,000 yards)
1947Steve Bartlett, (Rep-R-TX, 1983- )
1947Tanith Lee, UK, sci-fi author (Don't Bite the Sun)
1948Jeremy Irons, England, actor (French Lieutenant's Woman)
1948Michael Cooper, SF Calif, sodomizer (FBI Most Wanted List)
1948Nadezhda Tkachenko, USSR, pentathlete (Olympic-gold-1980)
1949Twiggy Lawson, [Leslie Hornby], England, model/actress (Boyfriend, W)
1950Joan Lunden, Fair Oaks Calif, news host (Good Morning America)
1950Rudy Ramos, Lawton Okla, actor (Wind-High Chaparral)
1952Rhys Chatham, composer
1952Scott Colomby, Bkln, actor (Stash-Sons & Daughters, Szysznyk)
1956Rex Smith, Jacksonville Fla, actor (Solid Gold, Pirates of Penzance)
1957Richard M Linnehan, Lowell Mass, astronaut (STS 78, sk: 90)
1958Kevin Hooks, Phila, actor (Sounder, Aaron Loves Angela)
1960Julianna Young, Ft Campbell KY, playmate (Nov, 1993)
1962Randy Myers, Vancouver WA, pitcher (Chic Cubs, Baltimore Orioles)
1962Tonja Walker, Huntington WV, actress (Alex-One Life to Live)
1963Alessandra Martines, Italian entertainer
1964Kim Richards, LI NY, actress (Nanny & Prof, James at 15)
1964Trisha Yearwood, Monticello GA, country singer (Sweetest Gift)
1965Debbye Turner, Miss America (1990)
1965Katrina McClain, Charleston SC, basketball forward (Olympics-gold-96)
1966El Samurai, [Osamu Matsuda], wrestler (WAR/NJPW)
1966Michael Campbell, CFL defensive tackle (Hamilton Tiger Cats)
1967Jim Abbott, Flint MI, pitcher (California Angels, NY Yankees)
1968?, baby born on Golden Gate Bridge (those Marin County folk!)
1969Candy Dulfer, Amsterdam Holland, saxophonist (Lily Was Here)
1969Matthew L Perry, actor (Friends)
1970Antii Tormenen, Espoo FIN, NHL forward (Finland Oly-B-98, Ottawa)
1971Colleen Coyne, ice hockey defenseman (USA, Oly-98)
1971Jeremy Nunley, NFL defensive tackle/defensive end (Houston Oilers)
1972Amy Frazier, St Louis Mo, tennis star
1972David Tamburrino, Saratoga Springs NY, speed skater (Olympics-1994)
1972Eric van de Merwe, soccer player (Dordrecht '90)
1972Fred McCrary, NFL fullback (Phila Eagles)
1973Jeremy Jordan, singer
1974Victoria Silverstedt, Skelleftehamn Sweden, playmate (Dec, 1996)
1976La Chanda Jenkins, Miss District of Columbia USA (1996)
Deaths for today in history Events  Birthdays
1180Louis VII, the Younger, King of France (1137-80), dies at 59
1356Gautier de Brienne, duke of Athens/French supreme commander, dies
1356Geoffroy de Charny, French nobleman, dies in battle
1356Jean de Clermont, French marshal, dies in battle
1678Christoph B von Galen, prince-bishop of Mnster (1650-78), dies at 71
1719Frans Anneessens, Belgian merchant/lord of the manor, executed at 59
1719Jan Weenix, Dutch painter, buried
1756Josef Antonin Sehling, composer, dies at 46
1761Peter Musschenbroek, physician/physicist (Leidse Bottle), dies at 69
1830Stanislas Champein, composer, dies at 76
1836Carl Friedrich Ebers, composer, dies at 66
1862[Lewis] Henry Little, US Confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at 45
1863Preston Smith, US Confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at 39
1864Archibald Campbell Godwin, Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
1864David Allen Russell, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 43
1864Robert Emmet Rodes, US Confederate gen-major, dies in battle at 35
1881James A Garfield, 20th president (1881), dies of gunshot wound at 49
1882Andreas I Schaepman, archbishop of Utrecht (1868-82), dies at 67
1902Maria Hendrika, Queen of the Belgians, dies
1911Pjotr A Stolypin, premier of Russia (1906-11), dies
1918Liza Nina Mary Frederica Lehmann, composer, dies at 56
1924Alick Bannerman, cricketer (28 Tests for Australia, 1108 runs), dies
1935Jules M Cambron, French gov-gen to Algeria/ambassador, dies
1944John AC Fitch, British lt-colonel, dies in battle in Arnhem
1944Hilary Barlow, British colonel, dies
1944David Lord, British lieutenant/Dakota-pilot DFC/VC, dies in battle
1952Giuseppe Zoppi, Swiss writer (Presento il mio Ticino), dies
1954Tibor Harsanyi, composer, dies at 56
1961Helen Kimble, fictional wife of Dr Richard Kimble (Fugitive)
1961Pieter Tesch, mine engineer/geology (Pedestal of Netherlands), dies
1962Pogodin, writer, dies
1967Martin Block, TV announcer (Chesterfield Supper Club), dies at 64
1968Red Foley, country singer (Mr Smith Goes to Washington), dies at 58
1968Chester F Carlson, inventor (photocopying), dies at 62
1969Bert [Lambertus] Bakker, director Free Netherland/inventor, dies
1969Rex Ingram, actor/director (Elmer Gantry), dies of heart attack at 73
1970Greville Stevens, cricketer (10 Tests for England 1922-29), dies
1972Robert M Casadesus, French pianist/composer (Prix Diémer), dies at 73
1973Bob Gilbert, actor (Never the Twain Shall Meet), dies of hepatitis 75
1973Gram Parsons, rocker (Byrds), dies of OD at 26
1974Eve March, actress (Adam's Rib, Danny Boy), dies at 63
1978Rolf Gnther, East German priest, self imolation
1981Joke Kool-Smit, Dutch feminist, dies
1982Fred Badcock, cricketer (7 Tests for NZ 1930-33, 16 wkts), dies
1982Samuel L M Barlow, composer, dies at 90
1984June Preisser, dancer/actress (Babes in Arms), dies in car crash at 61
1985Italo Calvino, sci-fi author (T-Zero, Mr Palomar), dies at 61
1986Vivian Duncan, entertainer (Duncan Sisters), dies
1988Oren Lee Staley, 1st pres of Natl Farmers Org (1955-79), dies at 65
1989Guido de Moor, actor (Flanagan, Because of the Cats), dies
1990Werner Janssen, US composer (New Years Eve in NY), dies at 91
1992Frederick Combs, playwright/director, dies of AIDS at 57
1992Jacques Pic, french restaurant owner, dies
1993Bruce Ferden, US conductor (NY, Washington, Amsterdam), dies at 44
1993Richard Landau, US screenwriter (Back to Bataan), dies at 79
1994Frankie Kennedy, flute player, dies at 38
1994Sandra Fisher, painter, dies at 47
1995Yevgeni Nikolayevich Khludeyev, Russia, cosmonaut, dies at 55
1995Walter Shlomo Gross, journalist, dies at 83
1995Orville Reddenbacher, popcorn magnate, drowns in bathtub at 88
1995Louis "Mr Bo" Collins, blues SInger, dies at 63
1996Douglas Hyde, socialist/Christian, dies at 85
1996Timothy Nicholson, journalist, dies at 32
1997Clive Brain, educationalist, dies at 57
1997Kathy Keeton Guccione, CEO (General Media Intl), dies at 58
1997Malcolm Hughes, artist, dies at 77

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Original script written & produced by RGA
Archives by Bruce T. Goldman