It's History!
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Archives by Bruce T. Goldman
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Welcome to It's History! for today, Thursday, January 17, 2019.

Events for today in history Birthdays  Deaths
1501 Cesare Borgia returns in triumph to Rome from Romagna
1536 François Rabelais absolved of apostasy by Pope Paul III
1562 Edict of St Germain recognizes Huguenots in France
1584 Bohemia adopts Gregorian calendar
1595 French king Henri IV declares war on Spain
1601 France gains Bresse, Bugey, Valromey & Gex in treaty with Spain
1656 Brandenburg & Sweden sign Treaty of Königsberg
1718 Avalanche destroys every building in Leukerbad, Switz; kills 53
1746 Battle of Falkirk, Scotland-Edward I defeats & massacres Scots
1757 German Diet declares war on Prussia
1773 Capt James Cook becomes 1st to cross Antarctic Circle (66° 33' S)
1775 9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Pol
1775 R B Sheridan's "Rivals," premieres in London
1779 Capt Cooks last notation in ship's log Discovery
1821 México permits Moses Austin & 300 US families to settle in Texas
1827 Duke of Wellington appointed British supreme commander
1832 Johannes van den Bosch appointed gov-gen of Dutch-Indies
1852 British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
1861 Flush toilet patented by Mr Thomas Crapper (Honest!)
1862 -Jan 22nd) BBT Ft Henry, TN by USS Lexington
1863 Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
1864 General Longstreet's command ends heavy fighting at Dandridgem TN
1871 1st cable car patented, by Andrew S Hallidie (begins service in 1873)
1874 Armed Democrats seize Texas govt ending Radical Reconstruction
1882 1st Dutch female physician Aletta Jacobs opens office
1885 Brits beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan
1893 -17°F (-27°C), Millsboro, Delaware (state record)
1893 Queen Liliuokalani deposed, Kingdom of Hawaii becomes a republic
1895 French president Casimir-Perier resigns
1895 Félix Faure installed as president of France
1899 US takes possession of Wake Island in Pacific
1904 Anton Chekhov's "Cherry Orchard" opens at Moscow Art Theater
1905 Punchboards patented by Charles Brewer & C G Scannell, Chicago
1911 Failed assassination attempt on premier Briand in French Assembly
1911 Percy Mackaye's "Scarecrow," premieres in NYC
1912 Robert Scott expedition arrives at South Pole, 1 month after Amundsen
1913 Raymond Poincaré elected president of France
1914 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der Bogen des Odysseus," premieres in Berlin
1915 Antoni van Leeuwenhoek's Hospital in Amsterdam opens
1915 Russia occupies Bukovina & Western Ukraine
1916 1st PGA Championship: Jim Barnes at Siwanoy CC Bronxville NY
1916 Professional Golfer Assn (PGA) forms in NYC
1917 US pays Denmark $25 million for Virgin Islands (or 3/21)
1920 Paul Deschanel elected president of France
1923 Belgian Working people Party protest against occupied Ruhrgebied
1923 Origin of Brown[?] lunation numbers
1926 George Burns marries Gracie Allen
1928 1st fully automatic photographic film developing machine patented
1929 Popeye makes 1st appearance, in comic strip "Thimble Theater"
1933 Bradman takes second Test wicket, Hammond, bowled
1934 Carl Hubbell, NL MVP winner, gets $18,000 contract by the NY Giants
1934 Electric Home & Farm Authority incorporated
1934 NY Giants reward MVP pitcher Carl Hubbell with $18,000 contract
1938 Supreme Soviet elects Michail Kalinin as presidium chairman
1939 Ed Barrow is elected Yankee president succeeding deceased J Ruppert
1943 Tin Can Drive Day
1944 Korvet Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
1945 Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation
1945 Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
1945 Liberation of Warsaw by Soviet troops (end of Nazi occupation)
1945 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by secret police in Hungary
1946 United Nations Security Council holds its 1st meeting
1947 Muiden Neth ammunition factory explodes, 16 die
1948 Netherlands & Indonesia agree to a cease fire
1948 Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
1950 "Alive & Kicking" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 46 perfs
1950 11 men rob Brink's office in Boston of $1.2M cash & $1.5M securities
1951 China refuses ceases-fire in Korea
1954 Jacques Cousteau's 1st network telecast airs on "Omnibus" (CBS)
1954 NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 20-9
1954 Suggs Louise wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open (Cloister)
1955 Submarine Nautilus begins 1st nuclear-powered test voyage
1957 9-county commission recommends creation of BART
1957 Cavern Club opens (home of Beatles' 1st appearance)
1959 "Say, Darling" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 332 performances
1960 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sea Island Women's Golf Invitational
1960 NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 38-21
1961 Eisenhower allegedly orders assassination of Congo's Lumumba
1962 A NASA civilian pilot Neil A Armstrong takes X-15 to 40,690 m
1962 Roy Harris' 8th Symphony, premieres in SF
1963 Joe Walker takes X-15 to altitude of 82 km
1963 Wilt Chamberlain of NBA SF Warriors scores 67 points vs LA
1966 B-52/KC-135 tankers crash near Spanish coast at Palomares, 7 die
1966 Martin Luther King Jr opens campaign in Chicago
1968 Soyuz 4 & 5 completed 1st docking of 2 manned spacecraft
1969 Beatles release Yellow Submarine album in UK
1969 Debut album of Led Zeppelin released in US
1969 Soyuz 5 lands
1970 357 baseball players are available in the free-agent draft
1970 AFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 26-3
1970 John M Burgess installed as bishop of Protestant Episcopals (Mass)
1970 Sporting News names Willie Mays as Player of the Decade for the 1960s
1971 Super Bowl V: Balt Colts-16, Dallas Cowboys-13 in Miami Superbowl MVP: Chuck Howley, Dallas, LB
1972 Section of Memphis' Highway 51 South renamed Elvis Presley Blvd
1973 City of Amsterdam decides to support Hanoi
1973 New Philippine constitution names Marcos president for life
1974 Styne, Comdem & Green's musical "Lorelei," premieres in NYC
1976 "I Write the Songs" by Barry Manilow hits #1
1976 Hermes rocket launched by European Space Agency
1977 KC releases Tommy Davis, ends an 18-year career with 10 teams
1977 NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 24-14
1977 Zaire president Mobutu visits Belgium
1979 NY Islanders didn't get a shot off in 1 period against NY Rangers
1979 Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi flees Iran
1979 USSR performs underground nuclear test
1980 NASA launches Fltsatcom-3
1981 Philippino president Marcos ends state of siege
1983 10th American Music Award: Kenny Rogers
1983 Alabama Gov George C Wallace, becomes governor for record 4th time
1983 Nigeria expels 2 million illegal aliens, mostly Ghanaians
1984 Supreme Court rules (5-4) oks private use of home VCRs to tape TV programs for later viewing does not violate federal copyright laws
1985 Azharuddin scores second Test century in second Test (v England)
1986 Tim Witherspoon beats Tony Tubbs in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1987 Pres Reagan signs secret order permitting covert sale of arms to Iran
1988 "Teddy & Alice" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 77 performances
1988 Leslie Manigay elected president of Haiti
1989 Al Arbour wins his 600th NHL game as coach
1989 Gunman opens fire in Calif schoolyard; 5 students slain, 30 wounded
1989 Murden & Metz are 1st women to reach South Pole overland (on skis)
1989 Phoenix Suns cancel game at Miami Heat, due to racial unrest in Miami
1990 5th Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Awards: Bobby Darin
1990 Dave Stewart signs record $3,500,000 per year Oak A's contract
1990 Who, Simon & Garfunkel, 4 Seasons, 4 Tops, Hank Ballard, Platters &
1990 Kinks inducted into Cleveland's Rock & Roll Hall of Fame
1991 Iraq fires 8 Scud missiles on Israel
1991 Mountie Jacques Rougeau beats Hart for WWF intercontinental title
1991 Operation Desert Storm begins-US led allies vs Iraq
1991 Operation Desert Storm: 1st US pilot shot down (Jeffrey Zahn)
1992 Sarah Ferguson attends dinner of Everglades club (club excludes Jews)
1993 14th ACE Cable Awards: HBO wins 32 awards
1993 Russian Irina Privalova cycles world record 300m indoor (35.45")
1994 6.6 Earthquake hits Los Angeles killing 60, $30B in damage
1994 Liz Taylor released from the hospital after hip treatment
1995 "Carousel" closes at Beaumont Theater NYC after 322 performances
1995 7.2 earthquake destroys Kobe Japan (5,372 die)
1995 Australia beat Australia A 2-0 to win the World Series Cup
1995 LA Rams announce that they are moving to St Louis
1997 NBA suspends Dennis Rodman indefinitely/$25,000 for kicking cameraman
1998 Pres Clinton faces sexual harrament charges from Paula Jones
Birthdays for today in history Events  Deaths
1342Philip, the Bold, duke of Burgundy
1463Frederick III, the Wise, elector of Saxony (1486-25), protector Luther
1501Leonhard Fuchs, Germany, botanist (History of Plants)
1504Pius V, [Antonio Ghislieri] saint, pope (1566-72)
1517Antonio Scandello, Italian composer (Passion of Johannes)
1545Antonio Pace, composer
1574Robert Fludd, composer
1600Calderon, writer
1600Pedro Caldéron de la Barca, Spanish poet/dramatist
1612Thomas Fairfax, Lord Fairfax, English Parliamentary general
1657Pieter van Bloemen, [Standaart], Flemish painter, baptized
1659Antonio Veracini, composer
1683Gerard van Loon, Dutch historian
1706Benjamin Franklin, Boston, kite flyer/statesman/wit/inventor
1712John Stanley, composer
1719Jean-Joseph Vade, composer
1728Johann Gottfried Muthel, composer
1732Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, last king of Poland (1764-95)
1733Thomas Linley, composer
1734François-Joseph Gossec, Belgian-French composer (Les Pˆcheurs, Mirza)
1745Nicolas Roze, composer
1759Paul Cuffe, Mass, merchant/shipbuilder/black nationalist
1761James Hall, Scotland, geologist
1769Ole Andreas Lindeman, composer
1771Charles Brockden Brown, father of American novel (Wieland)
1806James Madison Randolph, (Jefferson's grandson) 1st born in White House
1814Ellen Wood, English author (East Lynne, Pomeroy Abbey)
1818Antoine Dorion, (L) joint premier of Canada (1858, 1863-64)
1820Anne Bronte, English novelist/poet (Tenant of Wildfell Hall)
1828Lewis Addison Grant, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1918
1834Wilhelmina J R Albregt-Engelman, Dutch actress/daughter of Mimi Bia
1835Antanas Baranauskas, Lithuanian bishop/poet/dialectologist
1835Johan Filip von Schantz, composer
1836Jose Silvestre de los Dolores White Lafitte, composer
1842Anton G van Hamel, founder (Roman Philology in Netherlands)
1845Lucas Lindeboom, Dutch vicar/evangelist (Vredebond)
1850Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev, St Petersburg Russia, composer
1853Alva Vanderbilt Beaumont, women's rights advocate & activist
1857Eugene Augustin Lauste, developer (1st sound-on-film recording)
1857Wilhelm Kienzl, Austrian composer (Evangelimann)
1858Tomas Carrasquilla, Colombian author (Frutos de mi Tierra)
1862John E Akkeringa, Dutch painter/etcher
1863David Lloyd George, (L-PM-Britain, 1916-22)
1863Henry Charles Tonking, composer
1863Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russia, director (Stanislavski Method)
1864Lucien Herr, France, scientist (Corresp entre Schiller et Schiller)
1873François Rasse, composer
1876Olga Fastrova, writer
1877Hans Jelmoli, composer
1878Oscar Apfel, Cleve, actor (Abraham Lincoln, Inspiration, Before Dawn)
1880Mack Sennett, movie creator (Keystone Kops)
1881Alfred R Radcliffe-Browne, British anthropologist (Andaman Islanders)
1884Noah Beery, US actor (Mark of Zorro, Sea Wolf)
1885E Ball-Hennings, writer
1885Joseph Arendt, Belgian worker's union leader
1886Glenn Luther Martin, aviator (Collier Trophy-1933)
1886Ronald Firbank, London, novelist (Flower Beneath the Foot)
1891Marjorie Gateson, Bkln NY, actress (One Man's Family)
1891Norman "Squab" Read, US aviator who lived to be 101
1891Walter Eucken, German economist
1896Harry Reser, Ohio, orch leader (Sammy Kaye Show)
1897Nils Asther, Malmö Sweden, actor (Bluebeard, Night Monster)
1899Al Capone, Italy, gangster (Chicago bootlegging)
1899Nevil Shute [Norway], London, novelist (On the Beach, Town Like Alice)
1899Robert Maynard Hutchins, US, educator/civil libertarian
1899Roel [Martinus F] Houwink, Dutch literary (1 Man Without Character)
1900Olga Maria Nicolis di Robilant, patron of the arts
1901Vasily Petrovich Shirinsky, composer
1902Geoffrey W Lloyd, British minister of Brandstoffen/Energy (1951-55)
1903Warren Hull, Gasport NY, actor (Strike it Rich, Who in the World)
1904Grant Withers, Pueblo CO, actor (Oklahoma, Annie)
1904Patsy Ruth Miller, actress (Quebec, Wide Open, Sap, Twin Beds)
1905Franz Schmid, Germany, ascended northside of Matterhorn (1931)
1907Henk H Badings, Bandung Indonesia, Dutch opera composer (Orestes)
1908Akkineni LV Lakshmi Varaprasada Rao Prasad, producer
1910Edith S Green, (Rep-D-Ore)
1910Michael Economides, restaurateur
1911Hermann Pfrogner, Austria, musicologist (Zerrissene Orpheus)
1911Luis W Alvarez, US, physicist (sub atomic, Nobel 1968) [or Jun 13]
1912Orest Alexandrovich Evlahkov, composer
1913Werenfried [Flip] van Straaten, founder (Oostpriesterhulp)
1913Yuvraj of Patiala, cricketer (scored 24 & 60 in only Test India v Eng)
1916Joel Herron, Chicago Ill, orch leader (Jaye P Morgan Show)
1917Maruthur Gopalan Ramachandran, (MGR), Indian film star, politician
1917Oskar Morawetz, Svetla Czechoslovakia, composer
1917Ulyses Simpson Kay, composer
1918Joseph Walker Barr, banker/politician
1920Joseph George Handy Hendleman, musician
1920Nora Kaye, NYC, prima ballerina
1921Dehl Berti, Pueblo Colo, actor (John Taylor-Guns of Paradise)
1922Betty White, Oak Park, actress (Mary Tyler Moore Show, Golden Girls)
1922Luis Echeverría Alvarez, president Mexico
1923Onno Molenkamp, Dutch actor (Lifespan, Broken Mirrors, The Lift)
1924Jewel Plummer Cobb, educator/pres (California State U at Fullerton)
1925A H Kardar, cricketer (Pak 1st Test capt, prev played for India)
1925Annie Delorie, Dutch opera singer (Scenes & Arias)
1925Duane Hanson, US sculptor
1925Rock Hudson, Winnetka Ill, actor (McMillian & Wife)
1926Clyde Walcott, cricketer (one of the three W's, later ICC chairman)
1926Moira Shearer, Dunfermline Scotland, ballerina (Red Shoes)
1926Richard Michael Hills, comedy script writer
1927Donald Erb, Youngstown, Ohio, composer
1927Eartha Kitt, singer/actress (Catwoman-Batman)
1927Michael Herford Wooller, TV/film producer
1928Jean Barraqué, French composer
1928Ken Archer, cricketer (Australian batsman, 5 Tests early 50s)
1928Vidal Sassoon, London, hair stylist/CEO (Vidal Sasson)
1929Jacques "Jake the Snake" Plante, Québec, NHL goaltender (#1)
1930Bill Benyon, English large landowner/Conservative Lower house leader
1930Robert Ceely, composer
1931Frederick Alfred Fox, composer
1931James Earl Jones, Miss, actor (Darth Vader, Exorcist II, Soul Man)
1931L Douglas Wilder, (Gov-D-Va)
1933Aga Khan, religious leader (Muslims)
1933Bruno Schroder, British baron/banker/multi-millionaire
1933Dalida, Cairo, actress/singer, Miss Egypt (The 6th Day)
1933Sheree North, [Dawn Bethel], LA, actress (Mary Tyler Moore Show)
1933Yolande Christina Dalida, Cairo Egypt
1934Donald Cammell, film director
1934Shari Lewis, Bronx NY, ventriloquist/puppeteer (Lamb Chop)
1934Sydney Phillip Hodkinson, composer
1935Jimmy Powell, Dallas TX, PGA golfer (1990 Southwestern Bell Classic)
1935Paul O[sborne] Williams, US, sci-fi author (Ends of the Circle)
1936Jerry Fogel, Rochester NY, actor (Jerry-Mothers-in-Law, White Shadow)
1938John Bellairs, US, sci-fi author (Chessmen of Doom)
1938Paul Revere, Harvard Nebraska, pianist (Paul Revere & Raiders)
1939Antao D'Souza, cricketer (Pakistani pace bowler in six Tests 1959-62)
1939Maury Povich, TV host (Current Affair, Maury)/Mr Connie Chung
1939Toini Gustafson, Sweden, 5K/10K cross country skier (Oly-gold-1968)
1940H Kipchoge "Kip" Keino, Kenya, 1500m runner (Olympic-gold-1968, 72)
1940Oswald Mbuyiseni Mtshali, South African poet (Fireflames)
1942Randy Boone, Fayetteville NC, actor (Cimarron Strip, Virginian)
1943Chris Montez, rocker
1943Daniel Charles Brandenstein, Watertown Wi, ast (STS 8, 51-G, 32, 49)
1945William Hart, US singer (4 Gents, Delfonics-I'm Sorry)
1947Gail Toushin, LPGA golfer
1947Jane Elliot, NYC, actress (Baby Boom, Gen Hospital, Knots Landing)
1947Todd Susman, St Louis Mo, actor (Goodnight Beantown)
1947Ulysses Dove, dancer/choreographer
1948Alexander "Alec" Erwin, South African worker's union leader
1948Mick Taylor, rock bassist (Rolling Stones-Brown Sugar)
1949Andy Kaufman, NYC, comedian/actor (Latka Gravas-Taxi)
1949Debbie Watson, La Mirada Calif, actress (Karen, Tammy)
1951Rolando Thoeni, Italy, slalom (Olympic-bronze-1972)
1952Larry Fortensky, former husband of Liz Taylor (7th)
1952Ryuichi Sakamoto, Jap, rocker (Academy Award 1988, Yellow Magic Orch)
1953Sheila Hutchinson, rocker
1954Janet Dykman, Monterey Park Calif, archer (Olympics-1996)
1954Robert F Kennedy Jr, attorney (Natural Resources Defense Council)
1955Steve Earle, San Antonio Tx, country singer (Guitar Town)
1956David Caruso, actor (NYPD Blue, Michael Hayes)
1956Mitch Vogel, Alhambra Calif, actor (Jamie-Bonanza)
1956Paul Young, rock vocalist/keyboardist (Every Time You Go Away)
1957Donna Stone, NJ, fencer-epee (Olympics-96)
1958Jez Strode, rocker (Kajagoogoo)
1959Susanna Hoffs, actress/rocker (Bangles-Walk Like an Egyptian)
1960Chili Davis, Kingston Jamacia, outfielder (California Angels)
1960John Crawford, Palo Alto Ca, bass (Berlin-You Take My Breath Away)
1961Maia Chiburdanidze, Kutaisi USSR, women's world chess champ
1962Jim Carrey, Ontario Canada, actor (Living Color, Dumb & Dumber, Mask)
1964Jeff Tabaka, US baseball pitcher (San Diego Padres)
1966Anna Ivan, La Jolla Cal, tennis star
1966Don Myrah, Oakland Calif, cyclist (Olympics-20th-96)
1966Karissa Rushing, Benton Arkansas, Miss Arkansas-America (1991)
1966Rexton Gordon, Jamaican dj/rapper (Shabba Ranks-Extra Naked)
1966Shabba Ranks, reggae singer
1966Trish Johnson, Bristol England, LPGA golfer (1993 Las Vegas)
1967Gregory Caccia, Bayshore NY, team handball right back (Olympics-1996)
1967William Michael Heinen Jr, Rayne LA, PGA golfer (1994 Shell Houston)
1970Candace Murray, Vancouver BC, softball shortstop (Olympics-96)
1970Darnell Walker, NFL cornerback (Atlanta Falcons, SF 49ers)
1970Jeremy Roenick, Boston MA, NHL center (Team USA, Blackhawks, Coyotes)
1971Derek Plante, Cloquet, NHL center (Buffalo Sabres)
1971Peter Winter, Australian decathlete (Olympics-96)
1971Tyler Houston, US baseball catcher (Atlanta Braves)
1972Rohn Meyer, CFL offensive linebacker (Calgary Stampeders)
1972Wendall Gaines, NFL tight end (Arizona Cardinals)
1973Amanda Elizabeth Spivey, Spartanburg SC, Miss America-SC (1996)
1974Derrick Mason, wide receiver (Tennessee Oilers)
1974Guillermo Mercedes, Dominican/US baseball infielder (Texas Rangers)
1974Marcus Spriggs, offensive tackle (Buffalo Bills)
1974Sharon Marie Ferris, NZ, yachter (Olympics-96)
1977Ali el Kattabi, soccer player (Sparta)
1978Irina A Borisova, Miss Universe-Ukraine (1996)
1981Ray J, singer
Deaths for today in history Events  Birthdays
0395Theodosius I, the Great, Spanish emperor of Rome, dies at 49
1103Frutolf, German monk/musicologist/historian, dies
1119Boudouin VII Hapkin, count of Flanders, dies
1229Albert, bishop of Riga/founder (Sword Knights), dies at about 68
1604Santino Garsi, composer, dies at 61
1617Pieter C Bockenberg, Dutch historian, dies at 68
1620Diego Alvarez de Paz, Span missionary/writer (Peru), dies at about 59
1625Nicolo Rubini, composer, dies at 50
1654Paul Potter, Dutch painter, buried
1661Andres Malong, Philippines rebel leader, executed
1676Pier Francesco Cavalli, Italian opera composer, dies at 73
1702Thomas Franklin, English smith/uncle of B Franklin, dies [OS=Jan 6]
1738Jean-Francois Dandrieu, composer, dies
1750Tomaso Albinioni, Italian composer (Adagio in G Minor), dies at 78
1781Marie de Negre Dables, marquess, dies
1788Alessio Prati, composer, dies at 37
1805Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron, French interpreter, dies at 73
1820Daniel W Wyttenbach, Dutch classicist/historian, dies at 73
1823Zacharius Werner, German playwright, dies at 36
1826Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga y Balzola, Spanish composer, dies at 19
1830W Waiblinger, writer, dies
1833William Rush, Indians sculptor (Spirit of the Schuylkill), dies
1833James Ball Antyne, Scot founder (Ball Antyne Press), dies at about 60
1856Thomas Attwood Walmisley, composer, dies at 41
1863E J Horace Vernet, French painter, dies at 73
1869Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky, composer, dies at 55
1874Chang & Eng Bunker, Chinese/Thai Siamese twins, dies at 62
1886Amilcare Ponchielli, Italian composer (La Gioconda), dies at 51
1889Juan Montalvo, Ecuadorian author (Siete Tratados), dies at 56
1890Salomon Sulzer, composer, dies at 85
1891Johannes Josephus Hermanus Verhulst, composer, dies at 74
1892Alexandre Levy, composer, dies at 27
1893Rutherford B Hayes, 19th US Pres (1877-81), dies in Fremont Ohio at 70
1901Jacob G Agarah, Swedish algologist, dies at 87
1902Gideon Scheepers, South Africa Boer leader, executed
1908Ferdinand IV SMJJBFLGRRJ, ruler of Toscane, dies at 72
1910Thomas Crapper, inventor (flush toilet), dies
1910Wilhelm F Kohlrausch, Germ physicist (Additiviteitsregel), dies at 69
1911Francis Galton, English scholar, dies at 88
1913Carl Baermann, composer, dies at 73
1917Hendrik Goeman Borgesius, Dutch politician, dies at 70
1933John Hodges, cricketer (6 wickets in Australia's 1st two Tests), dies
1938William H Pickering, astronomer (predicted Pluto), dies at 79
1941José Leite de Vasconcelos, Portuguese scholar (Etnografia), dies at 82
1942Frederick Jerome Work, composer, dies at 61
1946Gottfried Rudinger, composer, dies at 59
1952Walter O "Spike" Briggs, owner (Det Tigers), dies at 74
1955J A Veraart, economist, dies at 68
1955Joannes A Veraart, Dut judge/MP, (Jews in Neth), dies at 68
1959Abdul Aziz, cricket, dies at 17 struck by ball in fc match for Karachi
1961Patrice Lumumba, African revolutionary, murdered at 36
1962Gerrit Achterberg, Dutch poet (Dead End), dies at 56
1964Terence Hanbury White, novelist (England Have My Bones), dies at 57
1966Vincent J Donehue, director (Lonelyhearts), dies of Hodgkin's at 50
1967Evelyn Nesbit, actress (Redemption), dies at 82
1968Julis Deutsch, Austria politician/general Spanish rep army, dies at 83
1969Grazyna Bacewicz, composer, dies at 59
1970Billy Stewart, singer (I Do Love You), dies in auto-accident at 32
1972Rochelle Hudson, actress (That's My Boy), dies at 55
1973Fred Essler, actor (Unsinkable Molly Brown), dies at 77
1976Ad Verhoeven, soccer player (Xerxes/Sparta), dies in auto-accident
1977Gary Gilmore, executed in Utah, 1st US execution since 1967
1980Barbara Britton, actress (Pamela-Mr & Mrs North), dies at 59
1981Bernard Lee, actor (M in James Bond Movies), dies at 73
1983Doodles Weaver, actor/comedian (Ring of Fire), shoots himself at 71
1989Sterling A Brown, US poet/critic (Southern Road), dies at 87
1990Charles Hernu, French minister of Defense (1981-85), dies
1991Olav AFEC van Sleeswijk-Holstein-S-G V, king of Norway (1957), dies
1992Bill Walker, actor (Big Mo, Mask, Harlem Globetrotters), dies at 95
1992Charlie Ventura, jazz sax (Bop for the people), dies at 75 of cancer
1992Dorothy Alison, actress (Maggie, 3rd Key, Long Arm), dies
1993Ger ter Horst, Dutch soccer trainer (Sparta), dies
1994Noel Chiboust, trumpeter/sax, dies at 84
1994Klaas Peereboom, Dutch sports reporter (Het Parool), dies at 77
1994Han Jansen, Dutch journalist (Volkskrant), dies at 61
1994Grady "Fats" Jackson, tenor Sax Player, dies at 66
1994Chung Il Kwon, PM of S Korea (1964-70), dies
1994Allan G Odell, Ad exec (Burma Shave), dies at 90
1995Urias Nooteboom, Dutch journalist/critic (The Time), dies at 54
1995Isador Caplan, lawyer/Aldeburgh Festival pioneer, dies at 82
1996Robert Covington, drummer/singer, dies at 54
1996John Adrian Hope, politician/businessman, dies at 83
1996Giles William Playfair, writer, dies at 85
1996Charles Henry Madge, poet writer/sociologist, dies at 83
1996Barbara Charline Jordan, politician, dies at 59
1997Andrea Fisher, artist, dies at 21
1997Asfa Wossen, [Amha Selassie], crown emperor of Ethiopia in exile, dies
1997Clyde William Tombaugh, discoverer (Pluto), dies at 90
1998Emil Sitka, actor (3 Stooges shorts), dies of stroke at 82

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Original script written & produced by RGA
Archives by Bruce T. Goldman