It's History!
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Welcome to It's History! for yesterday, Tuesday, August 14, 2018.

Events for yesterday in history Birthdays  Deaths
0554 Ravenna becomes seat of Byzantines milt governor in Italy
1248 Construction of Cologne Cathedral begun
1281 Kublai Khans invading fleet disappears in typhoon near Japan
1385 Battle at Aljubarotta-Portugal defeats Castilië
1385 Portuguese defeat Castilians at Aljubarrota, retain independence
1395 Utrecht bishop Frederik of Blankenheim occupies Coevorden
1457 Oldest known exactly dated printed book (c 3 years after Gutenberg)
1498 Columbus landed at the mouth of the Orinoco River in Venezuela
1551 Turkish fleet under Dragut occupies Tripoli
1559 Spanish explorer de Luna lands in Pensacola Bay,Fla
1585 Queen Elizabeth I refuses sovereignty of Netherlands
1597 Cornelis de Houtmans fleet is 1st Dutch visit to Java
1624 Dutch fleet ceases Callao the Lima in Peru
1636 Spanish troops occupy Corbie at Amiens
1642 Able Tasmans ships Heemskerck/Zeehaen depart out of Batavia
1678 Battle of Mons-French repulse William of Orange
1743 Prussian army occupies Saksen, beginning 2nd Silezian War
1756 French capture Fort Oswego, NY
1758 Battle at Zorndorf: Prussia beat Russia, 1000s killed
1762 English fleet occupies Havana
1765 Mass colonists challenge British rule by an Elm (Liberty Tree)
1782 Suriname forbids selling slave mothers without their babies
1790 Sweden & Russia sign Peace of Verela
1813 British warship Pelican attacks & captures US war brigantine Argus
1816 Great Britain annexes Tristan da Cunha
1820 1st US eye hospital, the NY Eye Infirmary, opens in NYC
1824 General Lafayette returns to US
1825 Dutch King Willem I throws foreign students out
1842 Seminole War ends; Indians removed from Florida to Oklahoma
1846 Henry David Thoreau jailed for tax resistance
1848 Oregon Territory created
1861 79th NY troops mutinies
1861 Martial Law is declared at St Louis MI
1862 Lincoln receives 1st group of blacks to confer with US president
1864 -16] Confederate General Joe Wheeler besieges Dalton, Georgia
1864 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia: Federal assault
1873 "Field & Stream" begins publishing
1875 Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl
1876 Prairie View State University forms
1880 Construction of Cologne Cathedral completed (began in 1248)
1882 Queen Victoria recieves Zulu chief Cetewayo
1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonies reach Mashonaland (Fort Victoria)
1893 France issues 1st driving licenses, included required test
1900 1st electric tram in Netherland (Leidseplein-Brouwersgracht)
1900 2,000 marines land to capture Beijing, ending Boxer rebellion
1901 SS Islander hits iceberg near Alaska & sinks killing 70
1903 James J Jeffries KOs James J Corbett in 10 for heavywgt boxing title
1905 Ngindo-rebellion killed 5 RC German clergymen in East-Africa
1907 "Ha-Tikva" adopted as official Zionist hymn
1908 Race riot in Springfield Illinois
1910 6th International Congress of Esperantists held in Washington, DC
1911 General Leconte appointed temporary pres of Haiti
1912 2,500 US marines invade Nicaragua; US remains until 1925
1914 British field marshal John French & Gen Wilson land in France
1915 British transport Royal Edward sank by German U boat kills 1000
1917 China declares war on Germany & Austria at start of WW I
1917 Leeuwen soccer team forms
1919 White Sox Happy Felsch ties record of 4 outfield assists in a game
1919 Yankee Muddy Ruel hits into a triple-play
1920 Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia
1920 Olympic Games open in Antwerp
1922 1st "old time" musicians broadcasted on radio (Jenkins-WSB Atlanta)
1925 Mount Rushmore 1st proposed
1928 Ben Hecht & Charles MacArthur's "Front Page," premieres in NYC
1929 Jewish Agency for Palestine forms
1932 10th Olympic Games at Los Angeles closes
1932 Dodger John Quinn, 49, is oldest pitcher to win a major league game
1932 Philips makes 1 millionth radio
1933 Jimmie Foxx hits for cycle & sets AL record with 9 RBIs
1935 Social Security Act becomes law
1936 1st Olympic basketball game (Berlin)
1937 China declares war on Japan
1937 Detroit Tigers score 36 runs in double header vs St Louis Browns
1938 BBC's 1st feature film on TV (Student of Prague)
1939 1st night games at Comiskey Park (White Sox 5, Browns 2)
1940 Dutch Premier De Geer vacations in Switzerland
1941 Atlantic Charter signed by FDR & Churchill
1942 Dwight D Eisenhower named commander for invasion of North Africa
1943 -Aug 24th: Quadrant conference over strike in Pacific Ocean
1943 1st allied air raid on Borneo
1943 US 45th Division occupies Falcone 40 km outside of Messina
1944 British premier Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica
1944 Operation Tractable: new Canadian offensive
1944 Russian offensive at Weichsel
1945 V-J Day; Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II
1947 India granted independence within British Commonwealth
1947 Mildred Babe Didrikson Zaharias gives up amateur status for $300,000
1947 Pakistan gains independence from Britain
1948 14th Olympic games close at London, Great Britain
1948 Bradman's last Test Cricket innings
1948 England all out for 52 v Australia at Cricket Oval
1949 Military coup under colonel Sami Hinnawi in Syria
1952 M ty s R kosi appointed premier of Hungary
1953 20th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Detroit 24, All-Stars 10 (93,818)
1953 KXLF TV channel 4 in Butte, MT (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 WGR TV (now WGRZ) TV channel 2 in Buffalo, NY (NBC) begins
1958 Canadian Football League plays 1st game (Winnipeg 29, Edmonton 21)
1958 Cleve Indian, Vic Power steals home twice in 1 game
1958 KLM Superconstellation crashes west of Ireland, killing 99
1959 26th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Baltimore 29, All-Stars 0 (70,000)
1959 AFL organized with NY, Dallas, LA, Minneapolis, Denver & Houston
1961 Phila Phillies lose 17th straight game
1962 French & Italian workers break through at Mount Blanc Vehicular Tunnel
1962 NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 60,000 m
1962 US mail truck in Plymouth, Mass robbed of more than $1.5 million
1964 Bo Belinsky is suspended after attacking sportswriter Braven Dyer
1964 Egypt/Iraq/Jordan/Kuwait/Syria form common market
1965 Beatles tape an appearance for Ed Sullivan Show
1965 Continental Football League plays 1st games
1965 Sonny & Cher's "I Got You Babe" hits #1
1966 1st US lunar orbiter begins orbiting Moon
1966 Cleveland Stadium's 1st rock concert is held, featuring Beatles
1966 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open
1967 Belgian embassy in Kinshasa, Congo, plundered
1967 Pirate radio stations Radio 270, Radio London, Radio Ireland,
1967 Radio Scotland & Radio Swinging Holland go off the air
1968 Jimmy Ellis beats Floyd Patterson in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1968 Montreal Expos officially become a member of NL
1969 British troops intervene militarily in Northern Ireland
1969 NY Mets fall 9« games back, later to win pennant
1970 City University of NY inaugurates open admissions
1970 Steven Stills arrested for drug possession
1971 Bahrain proclaims independence after 110 years of British rule
1971 British begin internment without trial in Northern Ireland
1971 Cards Bob Gibson, 35, no-hits Pirates, 11-0
1971 France performs nuclear test
1972 Bloody Sunday: British soldiers fire into crowd, kill 13
1972 East German Aeroflot Illyushin 62 crashes near Moscow, killing 156
1973 Johnny Unitas files $725,000 suit against Balt Colts
1973 US ends secret bombing of Cambodia
1974 Congress authorizes US citizens to own gold
1974 Turkish army attacks Nicosia Cyprus
1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1974 USSR performs underground nuclear test
1975 -15] Pakistani military coup against president Mujib ur-Rahman
1975 Dmitri Shotakovitch, buried at the Novodevitshi-convent
1975 Norwegian King Olav V opens Longyearbyen Airport on Spitsbergen
1976 10,000 Northern Ireland women demonstrate for peace in Belfast
1977 59th PGA Championship: Lanny Wadkins shoots a 282 at Pebble Beach Cal
1977 77,691 see NY Cosmos beat Ft Lauderdale Strikers 8-3 at Giant Stad
1977 Debbie Austin wins LPGA Long Island Charity Golf Classic
1978 French TV announced a rating of "0" for a program about an Armenian's woman's 40th birthday, (comp: Napoleanic drama-67%, Knockout-33%)
1979 Rainbow seen in Northern Wales for a 3 hours duration
1980 17,000 workers strike in Gdansk, Poland
1980 Democratic Convention in NYC nominates Jimmy Carter & Walter Mondale
1980 In Lenin Shipyard Gdansk Poland, 17,000 workers go on strike
1981 George Foster hits his 8th HR into red seats at Riverfront
1981 Phils Mike Schmidt hits his 300th career HR off NY Met Mike Scott
1982 Atlanta snaps an 11-game losing streak with a 6-5 win over Padres
1982 Iran "Ramadan-offensive" in Iraq
1982 Pete Rose (Phillies) 12,365 at bat sets record (passes Aaron)
1983 Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Henredon Golf Classic
1983 Robert de Castella wins Helsinki marathon (2:10:03
1984 IBM releases PC DOS version 3.0
1984 West Indies complete 5-0 series annihilation of England
1986 Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto arrested
1986 Phillies & Pirates play a 6 game series in 4 days
1987 "Les Miserables," opens at Rock Theatre, Szeged Hungary
1987 Oakland's Mark McGwire sets rookie HR record at 39, en route to 49
1988 70th PGA Championship: Jeff Sluman shoots a 272 at Oak Tree GC Edmond
1988 Detroit beats Sox, 18-6, at Fenway, ends Boston winning streak at 24
1989 President Pieter W Botha of South Africa, resigns
1990 Angel's Louis Palonia is 74th to hit an inside park grandslam
1990 Denver vote for a 1% sales tax to pay for a baseball franchise
1991 Comedian Jackie Mason marries his manager Jyll Rosenfeld (37)
1991 Twins Dave Winfield is 23rd to hit 400 HR
1993 Dr William Masters (78) weds college sweetheart Geraldine Oliver (76)
1993 Nigerian presidential election
1993 Reggie Jackson Day - NY Yanks retire 13th # (#44)
1993 Shari Beadley weds Christopher Martin (Kid 'n Play)
1993 St Louis reliever Lee Smith is fastest to get 40 saves
1994 76th PGA Championship: Nick Price shoots a 269 at Southern Hills Tulsa
1994 Doc Gooden leaves Betty Ford Center
1994 Liselotte Neumann wins LPGA Weetabix Women's British Golf Open
1994 Maggie Will wins Children's Medical Center LPGA Golf Classic
1994 Space telescope Hubble photographs Uranus with rings
1994 Terrorist "Carlos" arrested in Khartoum Sudan
1995 Shannon Faulkner becomes 1st woman to attend the Citadel
1997 "1776," opens at Criterion Theater NYC
1997 Convicted Okla City bomber Timothy McVeigh formally sentenced to death
1997 Karrie Webb wins LPGA Weetabix Women's British Open
1997 Okla Court of Appeals upholds death sentence of Timothy McVeigh
1997 Soyuz TM-25 lands
2126 Comet Swift-Tuttle (í 5 km) approaches close to Earth
Birthdays for yesterday in history Events  Deaths
1552Fra Paolo Sarpi, [Paulus Venetus], expert/philosopher
1599Florence Estienne Méric Casaubon, classical scholar
1626Daniël Elsevier, book publisher/publisher
1642Cosimo III de' Medici, monarch of Florence (1670-1723)
1675Johann Georg Christian Storl, composer
1687Johan Willem Friso, prince of Orange/ruler (Nassau-Dietz) [NS]
1688Frederik Willem I, king of Prussia (bodyguard of giants)
1714Claude-Joseph Vernet, French painter
1737Charles Hutton, mathematician
1740Pius VII, [Luigi B Chiaramonti], bishop of Imola/Pope (1800-23)
1742Marie Allard, French ballerina (Auguste Vestris)
1758Carle [Antoine CH] Vernet, French painter/lithographer
1769Friedrich Ludwig Dulon, flautist/composer
1777Hans Christian Oersted, Den, physicist/chemist (View of Chemical Law)
1784Francesco Capaccini, Italian cardinal/diplomat
1802Letitia Elizabeth Landon, England, poet (Heath's Book of Beauty)
1810Samuel Sebastian Wesley, composer
1814Henry Hayes Lockwood, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1899
1821Clement Hoffman "Rock" Stevens, Brig General (Confederate Army)
1823Karel Miry, composer
1824William Terry, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1888
1836Walter Besant, writer/philanthropist (Rebel Queen)
1840Baron Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing, psychiatrist
1842Henry Duff Trail, journalist/author
1850Earnest YY [Bachigaloupi] Tourniaire, actor (Kloris & Roses)
1860Ernest T Seton, naturalist/painter/author (Buffalo Wind-1938)
1861Bion Joseph Arnold, electrical engineer/inventor
1867John Galsworthy, England, author (Forsyte Saga-Nobel 1932)
1868Leone Sinigaglia, composer
1869Edvard Armas Järnefelt, Vyborg Finland, composer (Berceuse)
1876Alexander I Obrenovic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1922-34)
1876Sibilla Aleramo, [Rina Faccio], Italian feminist/poet (Una Donna)
1878Harald Kidde, Danish writer (Aage og Else)
1883Ernest E Just, biologist (pioneered cell division)
1891Marinus de Jong, composer
1892Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji, composer
1893Alfred Alessandrescu, composer
1893Carl Benton Reid, Lansing MI, actor (Pressure Point)
1895Jack Gregory, cricketer (Australian all-rounder of post-WWI years)
1899Jaroslav Jeremias, composer
1900Shalva Mikhailovich Taktakishvili, composer
1901James Pitman, Bath England, educator/publisher/phonetic speller
1903John Ringling North, circus director (Ringling Bros)
1903Millard Mitchell, Havana Cuba, actor (12 O'Clock High, Gunfighter)
1903Ronald Stewart, CEO (London Brick Co)
1905Nicolas Cotoner y Cotoner, spanish courtier
1907Stanley Adams, songwriter
1908Lady Jean Swaythling, chief controller (ATS)
1909Len Darling, cricketer (South Australian & Test batsman of 30's)
1910Pierre Schaeffer, French engineer/composer
1911Ethel Lois Payne, journalist (Chic Defender)/1st Lady of Black Press
1911Jan Koetsier, composer
1911Pieter Platteel, last governor Neth New-Guinea
1912Eva Strittmatter, writer
1913Fred Davis, English world champ snooker player (1948-49, 51)
1914Sydney Wooderson, miler (world record 1937)
1915Lord Mishcon, economist
1916Andrew Kay, surgeon/professor of surgery (U of Glasgow)
1920Nehemiah Persoff, Jerusalem Palestine, actor (Al Capone, Yentl)
1921Giorgio Strehler, theatre director
1923William Flanagan, composer
1924Georges Prˆtre, Waziers France, conductor (NY Met)
1925Russell Baker, Loudoun County, Va, columnist/humorist (NY Times)
1926Alice Adams, US author
1926Alice Ghostley, Eve Montana, actress (Bewitched, Designing Women)
1926Buddy Greco, Phila Pa, jazz singer (Away We Go, Broadway Open House)
1926René Goscinny, French song/cartoon text writer (Asterix)
1927Frank Cvitanovich, film maker
1927Lord Whaddon, CEO (Daltrade & Skorimpex-Rind)
1928Laurentius L M [Laurens] van Deenen, (pathed)physiologist
1928Lina Wertmueller, [Arcanguela von Elgg], Rome, actress (7 Beauties)
1929Hewlett Thompson, Bishop of Exeter
1929Louise M Slaughter, (Rep-D-New York)
1929Oliver Neville, principal (Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts)
1930Earl Weaver, St Louis Mo, manager (Balt Orioles 1968-82, 85-86)
1930Gerald B H Solomon, (Rep-R-New York, 1979- )
1930Lord Chorley, mountaineering enthusiast
1931Frederic Raphael, writer (After the War, California Time)
1931Marylyn Roberts, librarian/founding member (WIC)
1932Dom Philip Jebb, headmaster (Downside School Great Britain)
1932James V Hansen, (Rep-R-Utah, 1981- )
1934Robin McLaren, British ambassador (China)
1937Brian Fenelly, composer
1938Betsy Cullen, LPGA golfer
1938Niara Sudarkasa, [Gloria M Clark], educator/pres (Lincoln College)
1938Stuart McKinnon, high court judge
1940Dash Crofts, Cisco Tx, singer (Seals & Crofts-Summer Breeze)
1940Galen Hall, WLAF Head Coach (Orlando Thunder, Rhein Fire)
1941Connie Smith, Elkhart, Indiana, singer (Dream Painter, New Horizons)
1941David Crosby, LA Calif, rocker (Crosby, Stills & Nash-Southern Cross)
1941Peter Truscott, cricketer (one Test NZ v Pakistan 1965, 3 & 26)
1942Sandy Gilmour, Montclair NJ, newscaster (Prime Time Sunday)
1943Barrie Leadbeater, cricket umpire
1943Jon Andrew McBride, Charleston WV, Capt USN/astronaut (STS 41G)
1943Keith Hampson, MP
1943Ronald Campbell, MP
1944Robyn Smith Astaire, jockey/wife of Fred Astaire
1944Tim Bogert, Richfiled NJ, rock bassist (Vanilla Fudge) [or 8/27]
1945Brenda Benet, Hollywood, actress (Lee-Days of Our Lives, Beach Ball)
1945Cheryl Waltz, author/film producer
1945Jennifer d'Abo, CEO (Ryman, Moyses Stevens)
1945Steve Martin, comedian (Parenthood, Jerk, Roxanne)
1945Tony Scannel, actor (Bill, Blue Money) [or 1932]
1945Wim Wenders, West German director (American Friend, Hammett)
1946Alexander Curly, [Harm Breemer], Dutch artist
1946Antonio Fargas, Bronx NY, actor (Huggy Bear-Starsky & Hutch)
1946Larry Graham Jr, rocker (Graham Central Station-One in a Million You)
1946Marga van Praag, Dutch radio hostess
1946Susan Saint James, [Miller], LA CA, actress (McMillian & Wife)
1947Daniele Steel, NYC, author (Rememberance, Zoya, Star, Daddy)
1947George Newsome, rocker
1949John Tarrant, Tasmania, 1st Australian born Zen teacher
1950Gary Larson, cartoonist (Far Side)
1952Debbie Meyer, Annapolis Md, 200m/400m/800m swimmer (Oly-3 gold-68)
1952Mark C Lee, Viroqua WI, Mjr USAF/astronaut (STS 30, 47, 64, 82,sk: 98)
1953James Horner, actor (Titanic, Apollo 13, Balto, Jade, Casper)
1956Sharon Bryant, vocalist (Atlantic Star-Touch a 4 Leaf Clover)
1957Jackee [Harry], Winston-Salem NC, actress (Sandra-227)
1958"Beautiful" Bobby Eaton, wrestler (SMW/ECW/NJPW/WCW, Midnight Express)
1959Earvin "Magic" Johnson, Mich, NBA Forward (LA Lakers/Olympic-gold-92)
1959Frank Brickowski, NBA forward/center (Seattle Supersonics)
1960Broderick Thompson, NFL tackle/guard (Denver Broncos)
1960Fred Roberts, NBA forward (LA Lakers)
1961Sarah Brightman, actress/singer (Phantom of the Opera)
1961Susan Olson, Santa Monica Calif, actress (Cindy-Brady Bunch)
1962Jerry Foltz, Las Vegas NV, Nike golfer (1991 Pensacola Open-2nd)
1962Mark Gubicza, Philadelphia PA, pitcher (KC Royals)
1962Mark Robert Isfeld, combat engineer
1962Rameez Raja, cricketer (prolific Pakistani batsman)
1965Emmanuelle Béart, St Tropez France, actress (Manon of the Spring)
1965Emmanuelle Seigner, Paris France, actress (The Smile)
1965Lynette Falls, Ridgewood NJ, Miss NJ-America-1991
1966David Hallyday, Boulougne France, actor (He's My Girl)
1968Glenn Leroy McLeay, Invercargill NZ, points race cyclist (Olympics-96)
1968Halle Berry, Cleve Ohio, Miss World USA (1986)/actress (Boomerang)
1968Praveen Amre, cricketer (Indian batsman, century on Test debut 1992)
1970Arno Doornernik, soccer player (Roda JC)
1970Slava Dosedel, Czech, tennis star
1970Susan Veasey, Wilmington DE, LPGA golfer (U of S Fla)
1970Trise Jackson, WNBA guard (LA Sparks)
1971Adam Timmerman, NFL guard (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31)
1971Christopher R Nelloms, Dayton Ohio, sprinter
1971James Folston, NFL defensive end (Oakland Raiders)
1971Mark Loretta, Santa Monica CA, infielder (Milwaukee Brewers)
1971Pramodaya Wickremasinhghe, cricketer (Sri Lankan fast-medium bowler)
1971Sean Hill, NFL cornerback (Miami Dolphins)
1971Stan White, NFL/WLAF quarterback (NY Giants, London Monarchs)
1972Brian Gragert, WLAF punter (Amsterdam Admirals)
1972Ed O'Bannon, NBA forward (NJ Nets)
1972Evan Pilgrim, NFL guard (Chic Bears)
1972Katja Maaria Lehtd, ice hockey defenseman (Finland, Oly-98)
1972Ross Schulte, NFL/WLAF kicker/punter (Buffalo Bills, Frankfurt Galaxy)
1973Kieren Perkins, Australian free-style 1500m swimmer (world record)
1973Mike Mamula, NFL linebacker/defensive end (Philadelphia Eagles)
1973Nancy Sweetnam, Lindsay Ontario, 400m swimmer (Olympics-7-92, 96)
1973Romane Bohringer, Pont-Sainte-Maxene France, actress (Savage Nights)
1973Wayne Chrebet, NFL wide receiver (NY Jets)
1975Mike Vrabel, defensive end (Pittsburgh Steelers)
1975Viaceslav Ivanovski, Israel, Men's Weightlifting 99kg
Deaths for yesterday in history Events  Birthdays
1167Raynald van Dassel, archbishop of Cologne, dies
1433Johan I, king of Portugal (1383-1433), dies at 76
1587Gugliemo Gonzaga, composer, dies at 49
1652Abraham Elsevier, book publisher/publisher, dies at 60
1727William Croft, composer, dies at 48
1763Giovanni Battista Somis, composer, dies at 76
1778Augustus Montague Toplady, hymn writer (Rock of Ages), dies
1785John William Fletcher, evangelist, dies
1788Thomas Sheridan, actor/biographer/lexicographer (Intelligencer), dies
1794George Colman, the Elder, playwright, dies
1833Luigi Cagnola, architect, dies
1834Friedrich Christian Ruppe, composer, dies at 63
1841Johann F Herbart, German philosopher (General Pädagogik), dies at 65
1844Henry Francis Cary, translator (Dante), dies
1856William Buckland, dean (Westminister)/geologist, dies
1858George Combe, phrenologist, dies
1863Colin Campbell, British officer (Cawnpore), dies at 70
1867Niccola Benvenuti, composer, dies at 84
1870David [James] Glasgow Farragut, admiral, dies
1884Arnoldus Pannevis, South African shipping agent/linguist, dies at 46
1887Richard Jeffries, naturalist/essayist, dies
1891Johnny Mullagh, cricketer (Aboriginal tourist 1868), dies
1905Mohammed Abdoe, Egyptian writing expert (Al'Oerwah al-Woethka), dies
1922Alfred CW Harmsworth, 1st viscount Northcliffe/newspaper magnate, dies
1923Jacob T Cremer, pres (Dutch Handel-Mij), dies at 76
1928Klabund, [Alfred Henschke], German writer (Spuk/Rasputin), dies at 37
1932Rin Tin Tin, US Hollywood-dog, dies
1936Rainey Bethea, hanged, last US public execution
1937Sapper, British soldier/novelist (Bull-Dog Drummond), dies at 48
1938Hugh Trumble, cricketer (32 Tests for Australia, 141 wickets), dies
1938J J Kelly, cricketer (36 Tests for Aust 1896-1905, stumped 20), dies
1938Landon Ronald, composer/pianist, dies at 65
1941Milh ly Babits, Hungarians literary (Gólyakalifa), dies at 57
1941Josef Jakobs, German spy, executed in Tower of London
1946Susan St James, [Susan Jane Miller], LA Calif, actress (Kate & Allie)
1949Husni al-Barazi, premier of Syria, shot to death
1949Husni el-Zaim, president/dictator of Syria, shot to death
1951William Randolph Hearst, newspaper publisher, dies in Beverly Hills
1955Fiske Kimball, US architect/art historian, dies at 66
1956Bertold Brecht, German writer (Mother Courage), dies at 58
1956Freiherr Constantine von Neurath, German foreign min (1932-38), dies
1958Mary Ritter Beard, American historian, dies at 82
1958Gladys L Presley, mom of Elvis, dies at 46
1958Frédéric Joliot-Curie, French nuclear physicist (Nobel 1936), dies
1958Big Bill Broonzy, rocker, dies of cancer at 65
1961Clarke Ashton Smith, sci-fi author (Lost Worlds), dies at 68
1961Guido Alberto Fano, composer, dies at 86
1961Henri-Edouard-Prosper Breuil, priest/archaeologist, dies
1963Clifford Odets, US playwright (Golden Boy), dies at 57
1965Jan van Nijlen, Flemish poet/writer (Walk at Dawn), dies
1966S J "Tip" Snooke, S Afr cricket all-rounder (26 Tests 1905-23), dies
1969Leonard Sidney Woolf, English publisher/writer, dies at 88
1969Sigrid Gurie, actor (3 Faces West, Algiers), dies at 58
1970Vano Il'ich Muradeli, composer, dies at 62
1971Georg von Opel, German auto manufacturer, dies at 59
1972Jules Romains, French novelist (Death of Nobody), dies at 86
1972Oscar Levant, actor (American in Paris, Dance of Life), dies at 65
1972Pierre Brasseur, French actor (Quai des Brumes), dies at 66
1975Joris Baers, Flemish bibliographer (founder Boekengids), dies at 87
1976Werner Bräunig, writer, dies
1980Dorothy Stratten, Playmate, murdered by boyfriend Paul Snider
1981Dudley Nourse, cricketer (34 Tests for South Africa, 2960 runs), dies
1981Karl Böhm, Austria conductor, dies at 86
1982Patrick Magee, Irish actor (Clockwork Orange, King Lear), dies at 58
1984Tigran Petroshan, Russian chess grand master, dies at 55
1984Peter Charles Arthur Wishart, composer, dies at 63
1984John Boynton Priestley, English, stagewriter (Magicians), dies at 89
1985Gale Sondergaard, actress (Letter), dies of cerebral thrombosis at 86
1988Enzo Ferrari, Italy, sportscar manufacturer (Ferrari), dies at 90
1991Douglas Kiker, newscaster (NBC-TV), dies of a heart attack at 61
1992Alexander Rosemeier, Indonesian/Dutch painter, dies at 104
1992Flora SA Benson, US, wife of pres Ezra Taft B of mormon church, dies
1992John J Sirica, US, judge (Watergate), dies at 88
1992Marion P Ames, US, advocate/activist, dies
1992Tony Williams, US, singer (Platters-Great Pretender), dies at 64
1993Francis Mankiewicz, Canad director (Lesson bons débarras), dies at 49
1994Bill Cowley, creator (Lyke Wake Walk), dies at 78
1994Elias Canetti, Bulgaria/British author (Nobel 1981), dies at 89
1994Joan Harrison, English producer/Alfred Hitchcock's sect, dies at 83
1994Patrick Meehan, petty Criminal, dies at 67
1994Tom Greenshields, sculptor, dies at 79
1995Joseph Fattorini, businessman, dies at 82
1996Camilla Horn, actress (Rebus, Vertigine, Matinee Idol), dies at 93
1996Sergiu Celibidache, conductor, dies at 84
1996Uzo Egonu, painter/print maker, dies at 64

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Original script written & produced by RGA
Archives by Bruce T. Goldman
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