It's History!
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Archives by Bruce T. Goldman
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Welcome to It's History! for today, Tuesday, September 2, 2014.
On this day in history Birthdays  Deaths

0911 Viking-monarch Oleg of Kiev-Russia signs treaty with Byzantines
1192 Sultan Saladin & king Richard the lion hearted sign cease fire
1519 1st Battle of Tehuacingo, San Salvador vs Mexico
1537 King Christian III publishes "Ordinance on the Danish Church"
1644 Battle at Lostwithiel: Robert Devereux' infantry surrenders
1666 -06] Great Fire in London ends, kills 8 [NS=Sept 12]
1666 Fire in London destroys 13,000 houses & kills 8
1686 Habsburgse armies occupy Buda on Turks
1732 Pope Clement XII renews anti-Jewish laws of Rome
1743 England/Austria/Savoye-Sardinia sign Treaty of Worms
1752 Last Julian calender day in US & England (no Sept 3-Sept 13th)
1752 Last day of Julian calendar in Britain, British colonies
1789 US Treasury Department established by Congress
1792 Paris masses remove nobles/clergymen out of jails & slaughter them
1796 Jews of the Netherlands are emancipated
1806 A side of Rossberg Peak collapses into Goldau Valley Switz, kills 500
1839 Salon of Variétés opens in Amsterdam
1859 Gas lighting introduced to Hawaii
1864 Union General William T Sherman captures Atlanta
1867 1st Girl School opens in Haarlem Neth
1870 Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies
1894 -3] Amsterdam Municipal theater opens
1894 Forest fires destroy Hinckley Minnesota: about 600 die
1897 "McCall-magazine 1st published
1898 Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain
1898 Machine gun 1st used in battle
1900 Telegraph use between Germany & US begins
1901 VP Theodore Roosevelt advises, "Speak softly & carry a big stick"
1908 Tommy Burns KOs Bill Lang in 6 for heavyweight boxing title
1909 English King Edward VII signs South Africa Bill
1911 Joao Chagas forms Portuguese govt
1913 Amsterdam reroutes sewage of canals to South Seas
1914 -3] Gen von Hausen & countess of France regime flees to Bordeaux
1917 Deutsche Vaterlands Party forms (by admiral Tirpitz)
1919 Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago
1919 Italy agress to general voting right/proportional representation
1919 National Commission recommends a best-of-9 World Series
1920 W Somerset Maugham's "East of Suez," premieres in London
1922 Pres Ebert declares "Deutschland ber alas" as German national anthem
1924 44th US Mens Tennis: William Tilden beats William Johnston (61 97 62)
1924 Rudolf Friml's "Rose Marie" opens to rave reviews in NYC
1926 Italy signs treaty with Yemen
1927 Rumour starts that Yankee Lou Gehrig will be traded to Tigers
1929 Unilever forms by merger of Margarine Union & Lever Bros
1929 WOR (NYC) ends affiliation with CBS radio network
1930 1st non-stop airplane flight from Europe to US (37 hrs)
1935 A hurricane slams Florida Keys killing 423
1936 1st transatlantic round-trip air flight
1937 US Housing Authority created by National Housing Act
1940 23rd PGA Championship: Byron Nelson at Hershey CC Hershey Pa
1940 Great Smoky Mountains National Park dedicated
1941 Academy copyrights Oscar statuette
1942 German troops enter Stalingrad
1944 Belgium's Emissie bank closes
1944 During WW II, George Bush ejects from a burning plane
1944 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank was sent to Auschwitz
1944 US leaders meet in Belgium
1945 59th US Womens Tennis: Sarah P Cooke beats Pauline Betz (36 86 64)
1945 Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independence from France (National Day)
1945 V-J Day; formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri (WW II ends)
1946 Johnny Neun replaces Bill Dickey as Yankee manager
1946 Nehru forms govt in India
1949 Fire in riverfront area kills 1,700 (Chungking China)
1951 Australia, NZ & US sign ANZUS-pact
1952 Dr Floyd J Lewis 1st uses deep freeze technique in heart surgery
1954 Hurricane Edna batters NE US, killing 20
1954 WTVD TV channel 11 in Raleigh-Durham, NC (ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 KCRA TV channel 3 in Sacramento, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 Collapse of a RR bridge under a train kills 120 (India)
1956 Orioles trailing Red Sox 8-0 come back to win 11-10 in 9 innings
1956 Washington-Jackson cable line replaced by bus service
1957 1st edition newspaper the Ware Time (in Suriname), 1,700 die
1957 Milwaukee Braves' Frank Torre scores 6 runs in 1 game
1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1958 Henry Verwoerd appointed PM of South Africa
1958 KAYS TV channel 7 in Hays, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting
1958 Minn announces $9 million bond issue to improve Metropolitan Stadium
1958 National Defense Education Act was signed
1959 US President Eisenhower arrives in Paris
1960 Tamara & Irina Press (USSR) become 1st sisters to win olympic gold
1960 William Walton's 2nd Symphony, premieres
1962 Stan Musial's 3,516th hit moves over Tris Speaker into 2nd place
1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1963 Alabama Gov George C Wallace prevents integration of Tuskegee HS
1963 CBS & NBC expand network news from 15 to 30 minutes
1963 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Idaho Centennia Golf Tournament
1964 Indonesian paratroopers lands in Malaysia
1964 Norman Manley scores 2-consecutive holes-in-one at Del Valley, Cal
1965 Cubs slugger Ernie Banks hits his 400th HR (off Curt Simmons)
1965 Treblinka trial in Dsseldorf ends
1966 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Ladies' World Series of Golf
1967 KUHI (now KSNF) TV channel 16 in Joplin, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
1968 Jerry Lewis' 3rd Muscular Dystrophy telethon
1969 NY Yankee Joe Pepitone is reinstated
1969 Ralph Houk signs 3-year contract to manage Yankees at $65,000 a season
1970 1st tennis tie break at a Grand Slam (US Open) (9 pt sudden death)
1971 Cesar Cedeno hits an inside-the-park grand slammer
1971 Chris Evert & Jimmy Connors win their 1st US Open tennis matches
1971 NY's Electric Circus Club goes out of business
1972 Chic White Sox Milt Pappas no-hits SD Padres, 1-0
1972 Renate Stecher runs 100m European female record (11.07 sec)
1972 Rod Stewart's 1st #1 hit (You Wear it Well)
1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1973 Billy Martin fired as manager of Tigers
1973 Netherlands wins hockey world's championship
1973 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Charity Golf Classic
1974 Jerry Lewis' 9th Muscular Dystrophy telethon
1974 Prest Gerald Ford signs Employee Retirement Income Security Act
1978 George Harrison marries Olivia
1978 Gloria Fajardo (21) marries Emilio Estefan (25) (Miami Sound Machine)
1978 Graham Salmon set worlds record for 100 meters by a blind man
1978 John McClain performs 180 outside loops in an airplane over Houston
1978 Reggie Jackson is 19th player to hit 20 HR in 11 straight years
1979 "I Remember Mama" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 108 perfs
1979 79th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Mark O'Meara
1980 John Arlott calls his last game, England v Australia at Lord's
1981 USSR performs underground nuclear test
1982 Rolling Stone Keith Richard's house burns down
1983 Yitzhak Shamir (Herut) endorsed by Menachem Begin for Israeli PM
1984 "Zorba" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 362 performances
1985 Betsy King wins LPGA Rail Charity Golf Classic
1985 Jerry Lewis' 20th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $33,100,000
1986 Cathy Evelyn Smith sentenced to 3 years for death of John Belushi
1987 Donald Trump takes out a full page NY Times ad lambasting Japan
1987 Kevin Bass is 1st NLer to switch hit HRs in a game twice in 1 season
1987 Philips introduces CD-video
1987 West German pilot Mathias Rust, who flew a private plane from Helsinki Finland, to Moscow's Red Square, forms trial in Russia
1988 Amnesty International's Human Rights Now! tour begins in Wembley
1989 Rev Al Sharpton leads a civil rights march through Bensonhurst
1990 "Grapes of Wrath" closes at Cort Theater NYC after 188 performances
1990 Steve Allen, installed as a new abbot of Hartford St Zen Center, SF
1991 Jerry Lewis' 26th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $45,071,657
1991 Pat Bradley wins LPGA Rail Charity Golf Classic
1991 US officially recognizes independence of Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania
1992 Nicaragua struck by earthquake/floodings; 118 die
1992 US dollar valued at 156.50 guilder (record)
1993 10th MTV Awards: Pearl Jam, En Vogue wins
1993 Central African Republic ex-emperor Bokassa freed
1993 Day of Peace in South Africa
1994 Miguel Indurain bicycles world record time (53,040 km)
1995 Actor Charlie Sheen (30th birthday) marries Donna Peele (25)
1995 Frank Bruno beats Oliver McCall in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
1995 Southern California begins using new area code 562
1996 Jerry Lewis' 31st Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $49,200,000
1996 Michelle McGann wins LPGA State Farm Rail Golf Classic
1996 Soyuz TM-24, lands
1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Montreal Canada on CHOM 97.7 FM
1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Toronto Canada on CILQ 107.1 FM

Famous birthdays for this day Events  Deaths

1661Georg Bohm, German organist/composer
1716Johann Trier, composer
1731Johann F von Cronegk, German playwright (Olint und Sophronia)
1750Pehr Frigel, composer
1763Caroline von Schelling, [Michaelis], German author
1778Leopold FJJJ van Sassen Ysselt, Dutch politician
1798Thomas Holliday Hicks, (Union Gov) died in 1865
1814Ernst Curtius, German archaeologist/historian
1837James Harrison Wilson, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1925
1838Liliuokalani, [Lydia Paki], last queen of Hawaii (1891-93)
1839Henry George, land reformer/writer (Progress & Poverty)
1850Albert Spaulding, baseball player/founded Spaulding sports company
1850Eugene Field, author/journalist (Little Boy Blue)
1853Wilhelm Ostwald, Germany, physical chemist (Nobel 1909)
1856Yang Hsiu-ch'ing, commander in chief of Taiping Rebellion
1866Hiram Johnson, (Gov-Progressive-Cal)
1869Delfien Vanhaute, [Eckart], Flem pastor/poet (Parsifal, Ark of Noë)
1870Marie Ault, [Mary Cragg], Wigan England
1878Werner von Blomberg, German minister of Reichswehr
1884Frank Laubach, Benton Pa, educator, taught reading through phonetics
1887Willem De Mérode, protestant poet
1892Felix Wolfes, composer
1894Joseph Roth, Austria, journalist/writer (Hotel Savoy)
1904Set Svanholm, Västeras Sweden, tenor (London Convent Garden 1948-57)
1904Vera Vague, [Barbara Jo Allen], NYC, actress (Follow the Leader)
1905Bernard C J Lievegoed, Dutch anthroposophist? (founder Free College)
1908Barbara Jo Allen, NYC, actress (Ice Capades Revue, Rosie the Riveter)
1910Bruce Boyce, singer/teacher
1911Eileen Way, actress (Les Miserables, Rainbow, Vikings, Assassin)
1911Rene Amengual, composer
1912Johan Daisne, [Herman Thiery], Belgian writer (magic realism)
1914Booker T Laury, blues pianist/vocalist
1915Dai-Keong Lee, composer
1915Hans Joachim Koellreutter, composer
1916Dorothy May Bundy-Cheney, winner of more than 141 US tennis titles
1916Penny Santon, Greenwich Village NY, actress (Roll Out, Matt Houston)
1917Cleveland Amory, Nahant Mass, conservationist/TV reviewer (TV Guide)
1917Laurindo Almeida, Brazilian guitarist (developed bossa nova)
1918Allen Drury, author (Advise & Consent-1960 Pulitzer Prize)
1918Laurindo Almeida, composer/guitarist
1918Martha Mitchell, wife of Attorney General John Mitchell
1919Gideon William Waldrop, composer
1919Marge Champion, LA Calif, dancer (Marge & Gower Champion Show)
1925Ronnie Stevens, London England, actor (Rodney-Dick & Duchess)
1927Francis Matthews, British actor (On the Bowery, Paul Temple)
1927Leonard Katzman, TV producer
1927Trudi Jochum-Beiser, Austria, downhill skier (Olympic-gold-1952)
1927Tzvi Avni, composer
1928Miloslav Istvan, composer
1928Peter Mansfield, writer
1930Andrey Pavlovich Petrov, composer
1931Alan K Simpson, minority whip (Sen-R-WY, 1979- )
1931Pierre Huyskens, Dutch radio host
1934Michael Sahl, composer
1935Jim Moody, (Rep-D-WI, 1983- )
1936David Leonard Blake, composer
1936Joan Kennedy, 1st wife of Mass Senator, Ted
1937Peter Ueberroth, organized LA Olympics (1984)/baseball commissioner
1938Glyn Worsnip, broadcaster
1939Bobby Purify, rocker
1939Robert Lee Dickey, US singer (I'm your puppet)
1939Sam Gooden, Chattanooga Tenn, rock vocalist (Impressions-Gypsy Woman)
1940Beverly Sanders, Hollywood Calif, actress (Lotsa Luck, CPO Sharkey)
1940Jimmy Clanton, Baton Rogue, La, rock vocalist (Just a Dream)
1940Mike Pyne, jazz Pianist
1941Tommy Aycock, Edinburg TX, PGA golfer (1994 Las Vegas Senior-5th)
1943Glenn Sather, NHL coach (Edmonton Oiler)
1943Joe Simon, US singer (Power of Love)
1943Rosalind Ashford, Detroit, rock vocalist (Martha Reeve & Vandellas)
1944Claude Nicollier, Vevey Switzerland, astronaut (STS 61-K, 46, 61, 75)
1946Luis Avalos, Havana Cuba, actor (Condo, E/R, I Had 3 Wives)
1946Marty Grebb, Chicago, rocker (Buckinghams)
1948Sharon Christa Corrigan McAuliffe, teacher/astronaut (STS 25)
1948Terry Bradshaw, NFL QB (Pittsburgh Steelers)/announcer (CBS, FOX)
1949Albert West[laken], Dutch singer (Dumb Willie)
1951Mark Harmon, Burbank Calif, actor (Dr Caldwell-St Elsewhere)
1951Michael Gray, Chicago Ill, actor (Ronnie-Brian Keith Show)
1951Mike Kaminsky, rocker
1952Earl Pomeroy, (Rep-D-North Dakota)
1952Jimmy Connors, tennis brat (US Open-78, 82, 83 Wimbledon-74, 82)
1953Gerhard P J Thiele, Brenz Germany, astronaut
1955Linda Purl, Greenwich Ct, actress (Gloria-Happy Days, Matlock)
1957Steve Porcaro, LA Cal, rock keyboards/vocalist (Toto-Roseanna, Africa)
1958Marlene Janssen, Rock Island Ill, playmate (Nov, 1982)
1959Esther Oosterbeek, Dutch singer (Dolly Dots)
1960Eric Dickerson, Texas, NFL halfback (LA Rams, Colts/2,105 yds in 1984)
1960Rex Hudler, Tempe AZ, outfielder (NY Yankees, California Angels)
1961Jeff Russell, Cincinnatti OH, pitcher (Texas Rangers)
1963Sam Mitchell, NBA forward (Minn Timberwolves)
1964Keanu Reeves, Beirut, actor (Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure, Speed)
1965Doug Linton, Santa Ana CA, pitcher (KC Royals)
1965Lennox Lewis, WBC boxing champ
1966Salma Hayek, actress (Desparado)
1968Ricardo de Jongh, soccer player (Dordrecht '90)
1969Mark Brettschneider, Cincinnati Oh, actor (Jason-One Life to Live)
1969Russell Freeman, NFL tackle (Oakland Raiders)
1969Shani Waugh, Bunbury Aust, LPGA golfer (Aust sub-jr champ-1986, 87)
1971Rich Aurilia, Brooklyn NY, infielder (SF Giants)
1971Shauna Sand, San Diego Calif, actress (Renegade)
1971Tommy Maddox, NFL quarterback (NY Giants)
1972James Willis, NFL linebacker (Phila Eagles)
1972Katarina Studenikova, Bratislava Slovak Rep, tennis star
1973Matthew Dunn, Leeton NSW Australia, swimmer (Olympics-96)
1974Jason Lawson, NBA center (Orlando Magic)
1974Karina Wieland, Australian rower (Olympics-96)
1980Ashley Witmer, Miss Pennsylvania Teen USA (1997)
1981Katie Teft, Grand Rapids Mich, gymnast (Olympics-96)

Famous deaths for this day Events  Birthdays

0421 Flavius Constantine III, emperor of Westromeinse, dies at about 51
1384 Louis I, duke of Anjou/king of Naples (Battle of Poitiers), dies
1418 Jan III Chalon, prince of Orange/gov of Burgundy, dies
1547 Hernan Cortes, Spanish general defeated Aztec Indians
1566 Taddeo Zuccari, Italian painter, dies at 37
1606 Carel van Mander, Flemish painter/art historian, dies at 58
1645 lady Alice Lisle, English widow of John Lisle, beheaded
1698 Justus Vingboons, Architect, buried
1715 Constantin Christian Dedekind, composer, dies at 87
1779 Onno Zwier van Hairs, Fries poet (Agon), dies at 66
1790 Johann N von Hontheim, German religious historian/Bishop, dies
1862 Thornton F Brodhead, US lawyer/politician/brig-general, dies at 40
1870 Charles Victor Arthur Saint-Leon, composer, dies at 48
1891 Ferdinand Christian Wilhelm Praeger, composer, dies at 76
1896 Nat Thompson, cricketer (played 1st Two Tests for Australia), dies
1898 Hubert Howard, British journalist (Times), dies through friendly fire
1905 Walter Cecil Macfarren, composer, dies at 79
1906 Guiseppe Giacosa, Ital screenwriter (libretti opera Puccini), dies
1910 Henri "le Douanier" Rousseau, French ambassador/painter, dies
1914 Eugène Odène, French mayor of Senlis, executed
1915 August Stramm, writer, dies at 41
1934 Ruggiero de Rudolpho "Russ" Columbo, US singer/violist, dies at 26
1937 Esther de Farmer-of Rich, actress (Kniertje-On hope of blessing), dies
1937 Pierre de Coubertin, baron/revivor of Olympics, dies at 74
1944 George W Norris, US senator (lame duck-amendement), dies
1955 Rudolf Kattnigg, composer, dies at 60
1957 William A Craigie, Scottish lexicographer, dies at 90
1961 Greet Koeman, Dutch singer, dies at 54
1964 Francisco H Craveiro Lopes, Portuguese gen/pres (1951-58), dies at 70
1964 Morris Ankrum, actor (Kronos, Earth vs Flying Saucers), dies at 67
1965 Johannes Bobrowski, writer, dies at 48
1968 Ernest Claes, Belgium, author (The White), dies at 82
1969 Harry Williams Millard, producer, dies of cancer at 41
1970 Allan Walker, actor/writer (Red Buttons Show), dies at 64
1970 Cornelis L "Kees" van Baaren, Dutch composer (Hollow Men), dies at 63
1973 John R R Tolkien, British story writer (Hobbitt), dies of ulcer at 81
1979 Felix Aylmer, actor (Quartet, Hamlet, Dreaming Lips), dies at 90
1980 William Douglas Denny, composer, dies at 70
1982 Jay Novello, actor (Harum Scarum, Rebel Breed), dies of cancer at 78
1982 Tom Bakker, actor (Golden Voyage of Sinbad), dies of a drug OD at 42
1985 Abe Lenstra, Dutch soccer star, dies at 64
1989 A Bartlett Giamatti, baseball commisioner, dies at 51
1991 Alfonso Garcia Robles, Mexican foreign minister (Nobel 1982), dies
1991 Concetto Lo Bello, Italian intl soccer judge, dies
1992 Barbara McClintock, US, geneticist (Nobel 1983), dies at 90
1992 Piotr Jaroszewicz, premier of Poland (1970-80), dies
1993 Eric Berry, English/US actor (Pippin, 49th Parallel), dies at 80
1993 John/Eoin Higgins, N Ire supreme court justice (1984-93), dies at 66
1994 Detlef Macha, German DR cyclist (5x world champ), dies at 35
1994 Harry Vincent Kemp, poet, dies at 82
1994 Mildred Mcafee Horton, US 1st head mistress of WAVES, dies
1994 Richard M Major, US anti-terror specialist (CIA Red Book), dies at 72
1994 Roy Castle, entertainer, dies at 62
1995 Vaclav Neummann, conductor, dies at 74
1996 Cyril Reuben, violinist, dies at 69
1996 Emily Kngwarreye, artist, dies at 86
1996 Kenneth M Stewart, euro MP for Merseyside West, dies at 71
1996 Otto Luening, composer, dies at 96
1996 Paddy Clift, cricketer (Rhod & Leicester all-rounder 1970-88), dies
1997 Rudolf Bing, opera manager (NY Met Opera), dies at 95
1997 Viktor Frankl, psychotherapist (Man's Search for Meaning), dies at 92

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Original script written & produced by RGA
Archives by Bruce T. Goldman