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Welcome to It's History! for today, Saturday, August 30, 2014.
On this day in history Birthdays  Deaths

0257 St Sixtus II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1125 Duke Lotharius of Supplinburg elected king of Germany
1146 European leaders outlaw crossbow intending to ending war for all time
1464 Pietro Barbo elected to succeed Pope Pius II (Paul II)
1481 2 Latvian monarchs executed for conspiracy to Polish king Kazimierz IV
1563 Jewish community of Neutitschlin Moravia expelled
1645 Dutch & Indians sign peace treaty (New Amsterdam (NY))
1673 Leopold I, Spain, Netherlands & Lutherans form anti-French covenant
1682 William Penn left England to sail to New World
1721 Russian/Swedish Peace of Nystad, ends North Sea War
1751 Georg Friedrich Händel completes oratorio "Jephtha"
1757 Battle at Gross Jägerndorf: Russian army beats Prussia [OS=Aug 19]
1776 US army evacuates Long Island/falls back to Manhattan, NYC
1781 French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British under Admiral Graves at battle of Chesapeake Capes in Revolutionary War
1799 Bataafse fleet surrender to English
1831 Charles Darwin refuses to travel with HMS Beagle
1843 1st blacks participation in natl political convention (Liberty Party)
1850 Honolulu, Hawaii becomes a city
1854 John Fremont issues proclamation freeing slaves of Missouri rebels
1860 1st British tram opens (Birkenhead)
1862 2nd Battle of Bull Run - Confederates beat Union
1862 Battle of 2nd Manassas-Pope defeated by Lee-Battle of Richmond, KY
1862 Battle of Altamont-Confederates beat Union forces in Tennessee
1862 Battle of Richmond, KY
1884 Jack Dempsey wins middleweight title in 1st fight with boxing gloves
1885 13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda
1888 Lord Walsingham kills 1070 grouse in a single day
1893 13rd US Mens Tennis: Robert D Wrenn beats Fred H Hovey (64 36 64 64)
1894 Frederick Lugards expedition to Niger
1895 Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education
1900 Last 2000 British prisoners in Nooitgedagt South Africa freed
1901 Hubert Cecil Booth patents vacuum cleaner
1904 Thomas Hicks wins 3rd Olympics marathon (3:28:53.0) (40 km)
1905 Pogoro/Ngindo attack Fort Mahenge German East-Africa
1905 Tiger Ty Cobb makes his debut, doubling off Yank Jack Chesbro
1906 Hal Chase became 1st Yank to hit 3 triples in a game
1906 NY Highlander Joe Doyle debuts pitching back-to-back shut-outs
1910 Yank Tom Hughes pitches 9 no-hit innings but loses to Cleve 5-0 in 11
1912 St Louis Brown Earl Hamilton no-hits Detroit Tigers, 5-1
1913 Phillies lead Giants 8-6 in top of 9th, fans in bleachers try to distract Giants, Umpire forefeits game to Giants, later overruled
1914 1st German plane bombs above Paris, 2 killed
1914 Battle at Tannenberg ends in destruction of Russian 2nd Narev army
1916 Boston's Dutch Leonard no-hits St Louis Browns, 4-0
1916 Paul Von Hindenburg becomes chief-of-General-Staff in Germany
1918 Czechoslovakia forms independence republic
1918 Fanya Kaplan shoots at Lenin
1918 Lenin, new leader of Soviet Russia, shot & wounded after speech
1919 Ernst Toller's "Die Wandlung," premieres in Berlin
1922 Babe Ruth is thrown out of a game for 5th time in 1922
1925 6th Iron pilgrim at Diksmuide Belgium
1926 Jack Hobbs scores 316* at Lord's (Surrey v Middlesex)
1927 41st US Womens Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats Betty Nuthall (61 64)
1928 Jawaharlal Nehru requests independence of India
1932 Hermann Göring elected chairman (Reichstag)
1933 Air France forms
1933 Portuguese dictator Salazar forms secret police (PIDE)
1937 Joe Louis beats Tommy Farr in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1939 6th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: NY Giants 9, All-Stars 0 (81,456)
1939 General Reijnders appointed supreme commander of Dutch army
1939 Isoroku Yamamoto appointed supreme commander of Japanese fleet
1939 NY Yankee Atley Donald pitches a baseball a record 94.7 mph (152 kph)
1939 Poland mobilizes
1941 Siege of Leningrad by Nazi troops began during WW II
1941 St Louis Card Lon Warneke no-hits Cin Reds, 2-0
1942 Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg
1944 11th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 24, All-Stars 21 (48,769)
1944 Philip Yordan's "Anna Lucasta," premieres in NYC
1944 Soviet troops enter Bucharest Romania
1945 12th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 19, All-Stars 7 (92,753)
1945 Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 9th Symphony
1945 Gen MacArthur lands in Japan
1945 Hong Kong liberated from Japan
1949 Roly Jenkins (Worcs v Surrey) takes his 2nd hat-trick of the game
1949 WTVN (now WSYX) TV channel 6 in Columbus, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
1951 US & Philippines sign mutual defense pact
1953 Future NYC mayor David Dinkins marries Joyce Burrows in NYC
1954 Hurricane Carol, kills 68
1956 USSR performs nuclear test (atmospheric tests)
1956 White mob prevents enrollment of blacks at Mansfield HS, Texas
1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1957 US senator Strom Thurmond speaks 24hrs 27m against civil rights
1958 US performs nuclear test at S Atlantic Ocean
1960 Boston 2nd baseman Pete Runnels goes 6-for-7
1960 East Germany imposes a partial blockade on West Berlin
1961 1st Negro judge of a US District Court confirmed-JB Parsons
1961 J B Parsons is 1st African American judge of a US District Court
1961 Last Spanish troops leave Morocco
1961 Oriole Jack Fisher walks 12 LA Angels in a 9 inning game
1961 USSR says it will resume nuclear testing
1963 Hot Line communications link between Wash DC & Moscow begins
1964 Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Riverside Ladies Golf Open
1965 Casey Stengel announces his retirement after 55 years in baseball
1965 Section of Allalin glacier wipes out construction site at Mattmark Dam near Saas-Fee, Switzerland
1967 US Senate confirm Thurgood Marshall as 1st black justice
1968 1st record under Apple label (Beatle's Hey Jude)
1968 John & Yoko's "One on One" benefit for children at MSG
1969 120,000 attend Texas Intl Pop Festival
1969 25,000 attend 2nd Annual Sky River Rock Festival, Tenino Wash
1969 69th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Steve Melnyk
1969 Racial disturbances in Fort Lauderdale Florida
1971 WNPI TV channel 18 in Norwood, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting
1972 John Lennon & Yoko Ono perform at Madison Square Garden
1973 Danny Seiwell quits Wings
1974 Express train runs full speed into Zagreb, Yugo rail yard killing 153
1974 Launching of 1st Dutch satellite, ANS, from Vandenberg
1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1975 KTW-AM in Seattle Wash changes call letters to KYAC (now KKFX)
1976 Tom Brokaw becomes news anchor of Today Show
1976 Turks & Caicos Islands adopts constitution
1979 -Sept 13] Hurricane David, kills 1200 in Florida, Domincana & Dom Rep
1979 1st recorded occurrance-comet hits sun (energy=1 mil hydrogen bombs)
1979 Ian Botham makes 1000 runs/100 wkts in Tests in his 21st match
1979 Kathy Horvath (14y5d) is youngest to play in US Tennis Open, she loses
1979 Pres Carter attacked by a rabbit on a canoe trip in Plains Ga
1979 Wildest US Tennis Open match, McEnroe defeats Ilie Nastase 6-4, 4-6, 6-3, 6-2. Nastase was defaulted by the umpire then reinstated
1980 Polish government recognizes Solidarity
1981 Joanne Carner wins Columbia Savings LPGA Golf Classic
1982 PLO leader Yasser Arafat leaves Beirut
1983 8th Space Shuttle Mission-Challenger 3-launched (6 days)
1983 Elizabeth R Zakarian (Devon Pierce), 17, NY, crowned 1st Miss Teen USA
1983 WKBC-TV (channel 48) ends broadcasting in Phila
1983 Guion Bluford becomes 1st African-American astronaut in space
1984 12th Space Shuttle Mission (41-D)-Discovery 1-launched (6 days)
1984 Emmy News & Documentaries Award presentation
1984 Red Sox Jim Rice grounds into record 33rd double play en route to 36
1984 Sotherby's in London begins 2 day auction of rock memorabilla
1986 Gelindo Bordin wins Stuttgart marathon (2:10:54)
1986 Soviet authorities arrested Nicholas Daniloff (US News World Report)
1987 87th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Billy Mayfair
1987 Ayako Okamoto wins LPGA Nestle World Golf Championship
1987 Ben Johnson of Canada runs 100 m in world record 9.83 sec
1987 Kirby Puckett goes 6-for-6 with 2 HRs in Minn 10-6 win over Milwaukee
1987 Stefka Kostadinova of Bulgaria sets high jump woman's record (6'10¬")
1987 Yves Pol of France runs complete marathon backwards (3:57:57)
1987 Knuckleballer Charlie Hough on the mound, Rangers catcher Geno Petralli ties the major league record by allowing 6 passed balls
1988 France performs nuclear test
1988 Julianne Philips files for divorce from Bruce Springsteen
1988 Kent Tekulve is 2nd pitcher in majors to appear in 1,000 games
1988 Tennis star Chris Everett weds skier Andy Mills
1989 Roman Polanski marries actress Emmanuelle Seigner
1990 Ken Griffey & Ken Griffey Jr become 1st father & son to play on same team (Seattle Mariners), both single in 1st inning
1991 Dan O'Brien sets US decathalon record with 8,812 points
1991 France beats US by narrowest Ryder Cup margin - 14« to 13«
1991 Mike Powell of US, sets then long jump record at 29' 4«" (8.95m)
1991 Tamil Tigers capture Sri Lanka poet Selvi
1992 "2 Trains Running" closes at Walter Kerr Theater NYC after 160 perfs
1992 "Most Happy Fella" closes at Booth Theater NYC after 229 performances
1992 92nd US Golf Amateur Championship won by Justin Leonard
1992 David Lewett & Jane Luu discovers comet: "1992 QB1" 64 mil km from Sun
1992 Dottie Mochrie wins LPGA Sun-Times Golf Challenge
1993 150,000,000 millionth visitor to Eiffel Tower
1993 Hassan II mosque opens in Casablanca, 2nd largest mosque in the world
1994 Gund Arena in Cleve opens
1994 Largest US Tennis Open single session (total) 23,618
1995 Cable News Network joins internet
1995 Tigers teammates Lou Whitaker & Alan Trammell play in 1,914 game together tying AL record
1997 1st WNBA Championshion: Houston Comets beat NY Liberty
1997 Greg Rudaski is 1st to serve (2) 141 MPH serves in a match (US Open)
1998 State Farm Rail Golf Classic

Famous birthdays for this day Events  Deaths

0580Mohammed, Arabic prophet/founder (Islam)
1334Pedro, the Cruel, King of Castilia & Leon
1609Artus I Quellinus "the Old", Flemish sculptor, baptised
1687Francesco Maria Vallara, composer
1693Jacobus Nozeman, Dutch composer/organist
1748Jacques-Louis David, France, Neoclassical painter (Death of Marat)
1767Christian Frederich Gottlieb Schwencke, composer
1769Bonifacio Asioli, composer/music writer
1772Henri D Count de Larochejacquelin, French royalist leader
1797Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, London England, author (Frankenstein)
1804Aleksandr I Polezjajev, Russian poet (Sasjka) [OS]
1805Michael Sars, Norwegian zoologist
1809Adolf Friedrich Hesse, composer
1811Thomas Gautier, writer
1820George Frederick Root, composer
1837Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur, 1st lady (1881-85)
1842Victor Alphonse Duvernoy, composer
1844Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum)
1849Joseph Mallaby Dent, Dutch publisher
1852Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, Neth, physical chemist (Nobel 1901)
1866Georges Minne, Flemish sculptor
1871Ernest Lord Rutherford, Engld, physicist (atomic nucleus; Nobel 1908)
1878Paul Hazard, French literature historian
1882Meijer de Hond, Dutch rabbi/writer
1883Theo Van Doesburg, [Christian EM Kupper], painter/architect (Style)
1884Theodor Svedberg, Sweden, chemist, worked with colloids (Nobel 1926)
1887Adam Kuckhoff, writer
1889Edward Ciannelli, Ischia Italy, actor (You Can't Escape Forever)
1890S ndor Reményik, [Végv ri], Hungary, poet (Campfire)
1893Huey P Long, Winn Parish La, (gov/sen-D-La)
1896Raymond Massey, Toronto Canada, actor (Dr Gillespie-Dr Kildare)
1900Franklin C Fry, US minister (Lutheran World Relief)
1901John C Stennis, (Sen-D-MS, 1947-88)
1901John Gunther, Chicago Ill, author/host (John Gunther's High Road)
1901Roy Wilkins, civil rights director (NAACP)
1902Arnold Maria Walter, composer
1906Countess of Longford, biographer/historian
1907Fred MacMurray, Kankakee Ill, actor (Caine Mutiny, My 3 Sons)
1907Shirley Booth, actress (Hazel)
1908Leonor Fini, painter
1908Willie Bryant, New Orleans La, singer (Sugar Hill Times)
1909Barry Appleby, cartoonist
1909[Rose] Joan Blondell, NYC, actress (Real McCoys, Here Come the Brides)
1910Donald Bisset, Dutch children book writer/actor (Battle of the Sexes)
1912Edward M Purcell, US physicist (Nobel 1952)
1913Allan David, actor/director/producer (Cry of the Children)
1913Thomas Torrance, theologist
1914Julie Bishop, Denver CO, actress (My Hero, Northern Pursuit, Threat)
1914Rafael Jose Luis Fernandez de la Calzada y Ferrer, restaurateur
1915Liesbeth Saijers, Dutch sculptor
1916John Thoday, geneticist
1916Kornelis M R van der Beek, reformed vicar (Arnhem)
1916Lord Keith of Castleacre, English banker
1917Denis Healey, English politician
1918Ted Williams, Baseball's last .400 hitter (Boston Red Sox)
1919Kitty Wells, Nashville Tn, country singer (Grand Ole Opry)
1920Ben Cami, Flemish writer/poet (Rose from Mud)
1922Regina Resnik, NYC, mezzo-soprano (Sieglinde-Bayreuth)
1923Elias Victor Seixas, US, mixed double tennis player (Wimbeld 1953-56)
1923Gerhard Wimberger, Austria composer (Glove)
1925Julien Schoenaerts, Flemish actor (Daens/Medea)
1926Olgerts Gravitis, composer
1927Geoffrey Beene, Louisiana, dress designer (8 Coty Awards)
1927Pieter Willem Kee, composer
1928Bill Daily, Des Moines Iowa, actor (I Dream of Jeannie, Newhart)
1928Johnny Mann, Balt Md, music director (Johnny Mann Stand Up & Cheer)
1928Ruth Westerheimer, sex therapist (Dr Ruth)
1930Noel Harford, cricketer (brother of Roy NZ Test batsman in 1950's)
1930Warren Burger, US, author (The Midas Touch)
1931Carrie Saxon Perry, 1st black mayor of a major US city (Hartford CT)
1931John Leonard Swigert Jr, Denver Colorado, astronaut (Apollo 13)
1933Arne Mellnas, composer
1934B P "Baloo" Gupte, cricketer (brother of Fergie, Indian leggie)
1934Eric Schneider, Dutch actor (Drop Out, Family, Flanagan)
1935John Phillips, singer/guitarist (Mama & Papas-California Dreaming)
1936Fabrizia Ramondino, writer
1938Steve Delaney, Dobbs Ferry NY, newscaster (Monitor)
1939Elizabeth Ashley, [Cole], Ocala Florida, actress (Coma, Evening Shade)
1941John McNally, Liverpool, rock guitarist/vocalist (Searchers)
1941Sue MacGregor, BBC-radio hostess
1942Jean-Claude Killy, French alpine skiier (Olympic-Gold-1968)
1942Jonathan Aitken, English MP
1942Pervez Sajjad, Pakistani cricket left-arm spinner (19 Tests 1964-73)
1943David Henry Maslanka, composer
1943Jean Claude Killy, France, skier (Olympic-3 golds-1968)
1943Robert Crumb, US, cartoonist (Father Time, Fritz Cat)
1944Charles Colbert, Chicago Ill, rocker (American Breed)
1944Freek de Jonge, Dutch comedian (Neerlands Hoop)
1944John Surman, jazz musician
1945David Schiff, composer
1946Anne-Marie, Danish princess/daughter of Frederik IX
1947Peggy Lipton, Lawrence NY, actress (Julie-Mod Squad, Twin Peaks)
1950John Landis, Chicago IL, actor (American Werewolf in London)
1951Dana, singer/actress (Flight of the Doves)
1951Timothy Bottoms, Santa Barbara CA, actor (Paper Chase, East of Eden)
1953Robert Parish, NBA center (Boston Celtics, Charlotte Hornets)
1954David Paymer, actor (Love Mary, Mr Saturday Night)
1954Gerard Hadders, Dutch postage stamp designer (1991 children stamp)
1955Martin Jackson, rocker (Swing Out Sister-Swing Out)
1955Richard "Butch" Johnson, Worcester Mass, archer (Olymp-gold-1992, 96)
1956Jayne Irving, English TV hostess (Live at 3)
1960Vic Wilk, Los Angeles CA, Nike golfer (1994 NIKE Knoxville Open)
1962Ricky Sanders, NFL wide receiver (Miami Dolphins)
1964Joan Bennett, Chicago Ill, playmate (January, 1985)
1964Michael Chiklis, actor (Wired, Commish)
1964Stephen Baker, NFL receiver (NY Giants)
1964Steve Smith, NFL fullback (Seattle Seahawks)
1966John Terry, CFL tackle (Saskatchewan Roughriders)
1966Michael Michele, Evansville In, actress (Nikki-Central Park West)
1966Simon Wheeldon, hockey forward (Team Austria 1998)
1967Barbara Anne Kendall, Auckland NZ, mistral yachter (Oly-g/s-92, 96)
1967Catrin Nilsmark, Goteborg Sweden, LPGA golfer (1995 PING Welch's-14th)
1967Frederique [Van derWal], Netherlands, model (Victoria Secrets)
1967Justin Vaughan, cricketer (New Zealand all-rounder 1992-)
1968Vladimir Malakhov, Sverdlovsk Rus, NHL defenseman (Montreal Canadiens)
1969Jerold Jeffcoat, WLAF defensive tackle (Scottish Claymores)
1971Aubrey Beavers, NFL/WLAF linebacker (Miami Dolphins, Rhein Fire)
1971Joseph Fitzgerald, Bkln NY, team handball center back (Olympics-1996)
1971Tre Johnson, NFL guard (Washington Redskins)
1972Cameron Diaz, Long Beach Ca, actress (Mask, My Best Friend's Wedding)
1972Jose Herrera, Santo Domingo Dom Rep, outfielder (Oakland A's)
1972Ryan Leahy, WLAF OL (Amsterdam Admirals)
1972Shonte Peoples, CFL linebacker (Winnipeg Blue Bombers)
1973Jimmy Herndon, offensive tackle (Chicago Bears)
1974Matt Bongiovi, heavy metal rocker (cousin of Jon Bon Jovi)
1975Natalia Nadtochey, Miss Ukraine Universe (1997)

Famous deaths for this day Events  Birthdays

0524 Chlodomer, King of the France to Orléans, dies at about 29
0526 Theodorik the Great, King of Ostrogoten
1181 Alexander III, [Orlando Bandinelli], Italian Pope (1159-81), dies
1482 Louis van Bourbon, prince-Bishop of Luik (Cluppelslagers), dies
1483 Louis XI, King of France (1461-83), dies at 60
1529 Juan del Encina, composer, dies at 61
1580 Emanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy/governor of Netherlands, dies
1666 Benedictus Carpzovius, [Benedikt Carpzov], German lawyer, dies
1745 Jean-Baptiste Maurice Quinault, composer, dies at 57
1808 Joseph Anton Bauer, composer, dies at 83
1809 Ignacy Potocki, Polish Foreign Minister (constitution), dies
1826 Theodor Zwetler, composer, dies at 67
1844 Francis Baily, English astronomer/mathematician (Baily's Beads), dies
1879 John B Hood, confederate general (lost Atlanta), dies at 48
1903 Vincente F López, historian (Historia the Chile), dies at 87
1904 Kate Fanny Loder, composer, dies at 79
1910 Albert Vandal, French earl/historian (Napoleon), dies at 57
1914 Adrian H Stewart, British lieutenant, dies in battle in Cameroon at 26
1914 Aleksandr Samsonov, Russian general, commits suicide
1917 Uritsky, leader of Petrogradse Czech, dies
1919 Johann Sigurjonsson, Icelandic writer (Dr Rung), dies
1928 Wilhelm Wien, Ger physicist (laws of motion, Nobel 1911), dies at 64
1930 William H Taft, 27th US President (1909-13), dies
1932 Willem M van Rossum, cardinal/prefect of Propaganda Fide, dies at 77
1934 Earnest L Wolzogen, German writer (That tolle Komtess), dies at 79
1935 Henri Barbusse, French writer (Le feu), dies at 62
1939 Wilhelm Bölsche, writer, dies at 78
1943 A[braham] [P] Merritt, author (Moon Pool, Creep Shadow!), dies at 58
1944 Morten Nielsen, Danish resistance fighter, dies
1949 Arthur Fielder, England cricket fast bowler (6 Tests 1903-08), dies
1952 Arky Vaughn, infielder (Pirates & Dodgers), drowns
1953 Dimiter Nenov, composer, dies at 51
1956 Jose Antonio de Donostia, composer, dies at 70
1961 Charles Coburn, actor (Heaven Can Wait, Idiot's Delight), dies at 84
1963 Axel Stordahl, orch leader (Frank Sinatra Show), dies at 50
1964 Wesley Lau, actor (Lt Anderson-Perry Mason), dies at 43
1968 William Talman, actor (Hamilton-Perry Mason), dies at 53
1970 Anna Casati, Italian marchesa, murdered at 41
1970 Del Moore, actor/announcer (Cal-Bachelor Father), dies at 53
1974 Abraham Schierbeek, Dutch biologist (Leeuwenhoek), dies at 87
1981 Mohammad Ali Rajai, president of Iran, assassinated by a bomb
1981 Mohammad Javad Bahonar, prime minister of Iran, assassinated by a bomb
1981 Vera-Ellen, actress (Big Leaguer, On the Town), dies of cancer at 55
1982 Leo[nhard] Pappenheim, conductor, dies at 86
1986 Otto Mortensen, composer, dies at 79
1989 Joe De Santis, dies at 80
1991 Alan Wheatley,
1991 Hans Koetsier, sculptor artist (KLM-Schiphol), dies
1991 Jean Tinguely, Swiss sculptor artist (moving objects), dies
1993 Richard Jordan, US actor (Hunt for Red October, Posse), dies at 55
1994 Lindsay Anderson, British director/critic (If ...), dies at 71
1994 Michael Gribble, film animator (Mike & Spike Festival), dies at 42
1995 Dame Pattie Maie Menzies, Australian, dies at 96
1995 Fischer S Black Jr, financial Theorist, dies at 57
1995 Frank Perry, film director, dies at 65
1995 Holmes Sterling Morrison, musician, dies at 53
1995 Thomas Chalmers, broadcaster, dies at 82
1996 Christine Pascal, actress/director (Smile, Elsa), dies at 43
1996 Jose Toribio Merino, admiral/milt junta of Chile (1973-80), dies at 80
1996 Louise Brown, dancer/teacher, dies at 89

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Original script written & produced by RGA
Archives by Bruce T. Goldman