It's History!
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Archives by Bruce T. Goldman
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Welcome to It's History! for today, Tuesday, December 1, 2015.

Events for today in history Birthdays  Deaths
0772 Pope Adrian I elected
1167 Northern Italian towns form Lombardi League
1566 Spanish king Philip II names Fernando Alvarez, duke of Alva
1626 Pasha Muhammad ibn Farukh tyrannical gov of Jerusalem, driven out
1640 Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule
1641 Mass becomes 1st colony to give statutory recognition to slavery
1653 An athlete from Croydon is reported to have run 20 miles from St Albans to London in less than 90 minutes
1656 Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden
1708 Great Alliance occupies Brussels
1742 Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia
1750 1st American school to offer manual training courses opens, Md
1783 Charles & M N Roberts ascend 2,000' in hydrogen balloon
1783 J van North launches unmanned balloon
1804 Emperor Napoleon marries Joséphine of Martinique
1821 Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain
1822 Dom Pedro crowned emperor of Brazil
1822 Franz Liszts (11) debut as pianist Isabella Colbran
1824 House of Reps begins to end election deadlock between JQ Adams,
1824 Jackson, WH Crawford & H Clay Adams eventually declared president
1831 Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather
1835 Hans Christian Andersen published his 1st book of fairy tales
1843 1st chartered mutual life insurance company opens
1852 Telegraph company opens throughout Netherlands
1864 Raid at Stoneman: Knoxville, TN to Saltville, VA
1864 Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia
1868 John D Rockefeller begins anti oil war
1878 1st White House telephone installed
1887 Sherlock Holmes 1st appears in print: "Study in Scarlet"
1887 Sino-Portuguese treaty recognizes Portugal's control of Macao
1891 James Naismith creates the game of basketball
1896 1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)
1900 South African president Paul Kruger visits Flanders
1903 "The Great Train Robbery," the 1st Western film, released
1906 Shoemaker Wilhelm Voigt (Capt of Köpenick) sentenced to 4 yrs
1906 Cinema Omnia Pathe, world's 1st cinema, opens (Paris)
1909 1st Christmas Club payment made, to Carlisle Trust Co, Pa
1909 1st Israeli kibbutz founded, Deganya Alef
1913 1st drive-up gasoline station opens (Pitts)
1913 Continuous moving assembly line introduced by Ford (car every 2:38)
1917 Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan west of Omaha Neb
1918 Danish parliament passed an act to grant Iceland independence
1918 Iceland becomes independent state under Danish crown
1918 Serbian-Croatian-Slovic kingdom proclaimed in Belgrade
1918 Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established
1919 AA Milne's "Mr Pim Passes By," premieres in Manchester
1919 Lady Nancy Astor sworn-in as 1st female member of British Parliament
1921 US Post Office establishes philatelic agency
1921 1st US helium-filled dirigible makes 1st flight
1922 1st skywriting over US-"Hello USA"-by Capt Turner, RAF
1922 Polish state chief marshal Jozef Pilsudski, resigns
1923 CFL Grey Cup: Queen's U beats Regina, 54-0 at Toronto
1924 George/Ira Gershwin's musical "Lady Be Good," premieres in NYC
1924 Calles becomes president of México
1925 Treaty of Locarno signed
1928 CFL Grey Cup: Ham Tigers beats Regina, 30-0 at Hamilton
1928 Railroad museum opens in Utrecht Neth
1929 BINGO invented by Edwin S Lowe
1929 Game of Bingo invented by Edwin S Lowe
1930 Ruth Nichols becomes 1st woman pilot to cross continent
1930 NHL drops 20 minute slashing-about-the-head penalty
1931 Ottawa branch of Royal Mint begins operation as Royal Canadian Mint
1933 Rudolf Hess & Earnest Röhm become a minister in Hitler govt
1935 Austria has world's 1st Day of Postage Stamp
1936 EW Brundin & FF Lyon obtain patent on soilless culture of plants
1936 Bell Labs tests coaxial cable for TV use
1936 2nd Heisman Trophy Award: Larry Kelley, Yale (E)
1937 Japan recognizes Franco govt
1938 School bus & train collide in Salt Lake City Utah
1939 SS-Fhrer Himmler begins deportation of Polish Jews
1941 US Civil Air Patrol (CAP) organizes
1941 Last day of first-class cricket in Australia for 4 years
1941 Japanese emperor Hirohito signs declaration of war
1941 British cruiser Devonshire sinks German sub Python
1942 Gasoline rationed in US
1943 FDR, Churchill & Stalin agree to Operation Overlord (D-Day)
1944 Prokofjev's 8th Piano sonata, premieres
1944 Mail routing resumes in free South Netherlands
1944 Béla Bart•k's Concerto for orchestra, premieres
1945 CFL Grey Cup: Toronto beats Winnipeg, 35-0 at Toronto
1946 Australia compile 645 v India at the Gabba (Bradman 187)
1947 Bradman scores 185 in the 1st Cricket Test v India at the Gabba
1947 India cricket all out for 58 v Australia at the Gabba, Toshack 5-2
1948 Arabic Congress names Abdullah of Trans Jordan, King of Palestine
1948 Piet Roozenburg becomes world champion checker player
1949 WKTV TV channel 2 in Utica, NY (NBC) begins broadcasting
1949 WBNG TV channel 12 in Binghamton, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting
1951 17th Heisman Trophy Award: Dick Kazmaier, Princeton (HB)
1951 Benjamin Britten's opera "Billy Budd," premieres in London
1951 Golden Gate Bridge closes due to high winds
1953 Walter Alston named Dodger manager
1953 WCSH TV channel 6 in Portland, ME (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 WAIM (now WAXA) TV channel 40 in Anderson, SC (IND) 1st broadcast
1953 Red Sox trade M McDermott & Tom Umphlett for Wash's Jackie Jensen
1954 Nationalist China & US sign dike agreement
1954 Yanks send Miller, Segrist, Leppert & 2 minors to Orioles for Blayzka, Kryhoski, Johnson, Fridley & Del Guercio (completing 18 player deal)
1955 Rosa Parks (black) arrested for refusing to move to the back of bus
1956 Indonesian VP Mohammed Hatta, resigns
1956 Frank Robinson (NL) & Luis Aparicio (AL) voted Rookie of the Year
1956 Alain Mimoun wins 13th Olympics marathon (2:25:00.0)
1956 "Candide" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 73 performances
1957 Sam Cooke and Buddy Holly and Crickets debut on Ed Sullivan Show
1958 Our Lady of Angels School burns, killing 92 students & 3 nuns (Chic)
1958 Central African Rep made autonomous member of Fr Comm (Natl Day)
1958 "Flower Drum Song" opens at St James Theater NYC for 602 performances
1959 12 nations sign treaty for scientific peaceful use of Antarctica
1959 1st color photograph of Earth from outer space
1959 25th Heisman Trophy Award: Billy Cannon, LSU (HB)
1959 The 1st color photograph of Earth received from outer space
1960 Patrice Lumumba caught in the Congo
1962 KGMB TV channel 9 in Honolulu, HI (CBS) begins broadcasting
1962 Grey Cup halted by fog, resumed next day (Winnipeg 28, Hamilton 27)
1963 NY Jets 1st shutout, beat KC 17-0
1963 Nagaland becomes a state of Indian union
1964 Houston Colt .45s change name to Astros
1964 ML King speaks to J Edgar Hoover about his slander campaign
1965 South Africa govt says children of white fathers are white
1965 Airlift of refugees from Cuba to US began
1966 Georg Kiesinger elected West German chancellor
1966 Radio time signal WWV moves from Greenbelt, Md to Boulder, Colo
1967 Wilt Chamberlain set NBA record of 22 free throws misses
1967 Seattle awarded one of the 2 AL expansion franchise teams
1967 Queen Elizabeth inaugurates 98-inch (249-cm) Isaac Newton telescope
1967 Pacific Northwest Sports awarded AL expansion franchise (Seattle)
1968 "Promises Promises" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 1281 performances
1968 Burt Bacharach/Hal David's musical premieres in NYC
1968 Gonzalo Barrios elected pres of Venezuela
1968 Peggy Wilson wins LPGA Hollywood Lakes Golf Open
1968 Pirate Radio Modern (259) (England) begins transmitting
1969 US govt holds its 1st draft lottery since WW II
1970 Luis Echeverria Alvarez sworn in as president of Mexico
1970 NHL takes control of Pittsburgh Penguins
1970 Independent People's Republic of South Yemen becomes People Democratic Republic of Yemen
1971 People's Republic of South Yemen renames itself People's Democratic Republic of Yemen
1971 John & Yoko release "Happy Xmas (War is Over)" in US
1971 Galt MacDermot/John Guare's "2 gentlemen of Verona," premieres in NYC
1971 Cubs release Ernie Banks & sign him as a coach
1971 "2 Gentlemen of Verona" opens at St James Theater NYC for 613 perfs
1972 Wings release "Hi, Hi, Hi" in UK
1973 Stan Stasiak beats Pedro Morales in Philadelphia, to become WWF champ
1973 Jan Ferraris wins LPGA-Japan Golf Classic
1973 Jack Nicklaus becomes 1st golfer to earn $2M in a year
1973 Australia grants self-government to Papua New Guinea
1974 Boeing 727 crashes in Upperville Virginia, 92 died
1974 Jacqueline Hansen runs female world record marathon (2:43:54.5)
1974 LA Skid Row slasher kills 1st of 8
1975 US president Gerald Ford visits China PR
1976 Sex Pistols using profanity on TV, gets them branded as "rotten punks"
1976 Bangladesh General Ziaur Rahman declares himself president
1976 Angola admitted to UN
1978 Pres Carter more than doubles national park system size
1978 Test Cricket debut of Rodney Hogg, v England at the Gabba
1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1980 US Justice Dept sues Yonkers siting racial discrimination
1980 Mel Harris appears on M*A*S*H in "Cementing Relationships"
1980 46th Heisman Trophy Award: George Rogers, South Carolina (RB)
1981 180 dies as Yugoslav DC-9 jetliner slams into a mountain
1981 Yugoslavic DC-9 crashes into mountain at Corsica, 174 killed
1982 Dentist Barney B Clark gets 1st artificial heart
1982 Michael Jackson releases "Thriller"
1982 Miguel de la Madrid inaugurated as pres of México
1983 Rita Lavelle, former head of EPA, convicted of perjury
1984 Greg Page KOs Gerrie Coetzee in 8 for WBA heavyweight boxing title
1984 France performs nuclear test
1984 50th Heisman Trophy Award: Doug Flutie, Boston College (QB)
1985 Noraly Beyer becomes Neth's 1st black TV newscaster
1985 STS 61-C vehicle moves to launch pad
1985 South Africa's Cosatu union centre forms
1986 Paul McCartney releases "Only Love Remains"
1986 Musée d'orsay opens in Paris
1987 Digging begins to link England & France under English Channel
1988 596 dead after cyclone hits Bangladesh, half a million homeless
1988 Benazir Bhutto named 1st female PM of a Moslem country (Pakistan)
1988 Chinese minister of Foreign affairs Qian Qichen visits Moscow
1988 NBC bids record $401M to capture rights to 1992 Barcelona Olympics
1988 NY Islanders greatest shutout lose (8-0) vs St Louis Blues
1989 USSR Pres Mikhail S Gorbachev meets Pope John Paul II at the Vatican
1989 Mark Langston signs record $3.2 million per year Cal Angels contract
1989 East Germany drops communist monopoly from its constitution
1989 "Day Without Art"-Artists demonstrate against AIDS
1990 NY Knicks Patrick Ewing scores 50 points beating Charlotte 113-96
1990 Lithuania, Estonia & Latvia hold their 1st joint session
1990 Iraq accepts Bush's offer for talks
1990 Hissene Habré of Chad flees to Cameroon
1990 British & French workers meet in English Channel's tunnel (Chunnel)
1990 56th Heisman Trophy Award: Ty Detmer, Brigham Young (QB)
1991 Ukrainian people vote for independence
1991 US 75th manned space mission "STS 44" Atlantis 10 lands
1991 Nursultan Nazarbayev sworn in as president of Kazakhstan
1991 Colorado party wins Paraguay parliamentary election
1991 AIDS awareness day
1991 80th Davis Cup: France beats USA in Lyon (3-1)
1991 "Once on this Island" closes at Booth Theater NYC after 469 perfs
1991 "Moscow Circus Cirk Valentin" closes at Gershwin NYC after 32 perfs
1992 Amy Fisher sentenced 5-15 yrs for shooting Mary Jo Buttafuoco
1992 2 C-141B Starlifters collide in Montana & crash, 13 die
1993 Northwest Airlink plane crashes in Minn, killing 18
1994 Rober Schumanns 2nd Symphony premieres in London
1994 PTL leader Jim Bakker released from jail
1994 Ernesto Zedillo innaugrated as president of Mexico
1994 Cindy Crawford & Richard Gere announce they are seperating
1994 3 Seattle Seahawks injured in a car accident
1996 85th Davis Cup: France beats Sweden in Malmo (3-2)
1996 Lance Klusener takes 8-64 in debut Test Cricket to trounce India
1997 GS Warrior guard Latrell Sprewell, attacks his coach P J Carlesimo
1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Davenport IA on KORB 93.5 FM
1997 Westinghouse formally changes its name to CBS

Birthdays for today in history Events  Deaths
1549Johan van der Veeken, merchant/co-founder (VOC)
1566Philip, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, gov of Ft Gorinchem/Nijmegen
1573Philippus Rovenius, [Rouveen], apostile vicar
1605Juan de Padilla, composer
1634John-Erasmus Quellinus, [Quellien], Flemish painter
1671... Keill, mathematician
1671Francesco Stradivari, Italian violin maker/son of Antonius
1709Franz Xaver Richter, composer
1712Bernhard Christian Weber, composer
1722A L Karschin, writer
1724Charles Theodoor, elector (Palts & Bayern)
1724Dismas Hatas, composer
1726Eggert Olafsson, Icelandic writer
1726Oliver Wolcott, US judge/signer (Declar of Independence)
1729Giuseppe Sarti, composer
1743Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium)
1779Pyotr Ivanovich Turchaninov, composer
1781Charles Philippe Lafont, composer
1784François Henri Joseph Castil-Blaze, composer
1787Pavel Ivanovich Dulgorukov, composer
1792... Lobachevsky, mathematician
1800Mih ly Vörösmarty, Hungary, poet/dramatist ("To a Day-Dreamer")
1810Joseph Gungl, composer
1814August Rockel, composer
1823Ernest Reyer, composer
1826William Mahone, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
1832Archibald Gracie Jr, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
1835Micah Jenkins, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
1844Alfred Cellier, composer
1844Alexandra, Danish princess/Queen of Great Britain/Ireland
1847Agathe Grondahl, composer
1850Peter Erasmus Lange-Muller, composer
1871Archie MacLaren, cricketer (424 Lancashire v Somerset 1895)
1873Charles JM Ruys de Beerenbrouck, premier of Neth (1918-25, 29-33)
1874Dominicus Johner, composer
1876Johanna W "Mina" Bakker, Dutch actress (Boefje)
1878Arthur B Spingarn, US NAACP-chairman (1940-65)
1883Romanos Hovakimi Melik'yan, composer
1884Torben Myer, Copenhagen Denmark, actor (Girl Who Came Back)
1884Karl Schmidt[-Rottluff], German painter/sculptor (Brcke)
1885Guy de Lioncourt, composer
1886Jack Crawford, cricketer (England all-rounder in 12 Tests 1905-08)
1886Pierre Kemp, Dutch poet (Fugitives & Constants)
1886Rex Stout, mystery writer (Nero Wolf)
1886Willem E Crown, Antillian writer
1888Benjamin Crémieux, French author (Le premier the la Classe)
1891Foppe G Scheltema, Dutch lawyer (wreck laws)
1893Herman Griffith, cricketer (pioneering WI pace bowler)
1893Ernst Toller, writer
1896Petko Staynov, composer
1897Manuel A Neat, Curaçaos author (Nobleza di Coerazon)
1898Cyril Ritchard, Sydney Australia, actor (Peter Pan, Hans Brinker)
1899Robert Welch, found John Birch Society
1901Dorothy James, composer
1902Morris "Red" Badgro, Wash, NFL hall of famer (Yanks, Giants, Dodgers)
1904W A "Tony" Boyle, United Mine Workers president
1905Charles Finney, US, author (Circus of Dr Lao)
1905Ida Carroll, musician
1906Jean Cartan, composer
1909Jan Koplowitz, writer
1910Dame Markova, [Alicia Lilian Alice Marks], London, ballerina
1910Joel Fluellen, LA, actor (Burning Cross, Learning Tree)
1911Walter Alston, baseball manager (Dodgers)
1911Wim van Nuland, [Willem C Möhlmann], Dutch priest/writer (Doorstep)
1912Minoru Yamasaki, architect (World Trade Center, NY)
1912Terence Beckles, pianist/teacher
1913Mary Martin, Weatherford Tx, actress (Peter Pan) Larry Hagman's mom
1914Johnny Johnston, St Louis Mo, singer (Make that Spare)
1914Dame Alicia Markova, ballerina (Diaghilev Ballet Russe 1925-32)
1917Marty Marion, baseball player (NL MVP 1944)
1917William Tracy, Pitts, actor (To the Shores of Tripoli)
1918Kirby Laing, English contractor/multi-millionaire
1919Anne Cox Chambers, Dayton Ohio, US ambassador to Belgium (1977-81)
1919Ike Isaacs, guitarist
1921Ralph Manza, SF Calif, actor (Banacek, Mama Malone, Newhart)
1922Geraldine McCulloug, Maywood Ill, painter/sculptor (Phoenix)
1922Paul Picerni, NYC, actor (Agent Lee Hobson-Untouchables)
1923Stansfield Turner, CIA director
1925David Doyle, Omaha Neb, actor (John Bosley-Charlie's Angels)
1925Jaime Mendoza-Nava, composer
1925Jordan Klein, Miami Fla, cameraman/director (Thunderball)
1926Allyn Ann McLerie, Quebec, actress (Tony Randall Show, Thorn Birds)
1926Keith Michell, Adelaide Australia, actor (6 Wives of Henry VIII)
1926Robert Symonds, Bristow Okla, actor (Robert E Lee-Blue & Gray)
1927Grant Beglarian, composer
1929Leon Biriotti, composer
1929Emily McLaughlin, White Plains NY, actress (Jessie-General Hospital)
1929Dick Shawn, Buffalo NY, actor (Producers, Maid to Order, Angel)
1929Alan Mouncer, film director/producer
1932Robert T Herres, Denver Colo, USAF/astronaut
1934Billy Paul, Phila, singer (Me & Mrs Jones)
1934Hilly Axwijk, Suriname social worker
1935Woody Allen, [Allen Konigsberg], Bkln, actor (Zelig, Annie Hall)
1935Roger Christian, US, ice hockey player (Olympic-gold-1960)
1935Lou Rawls, Chic Ill, vocalist (Dean Martin's Golddigers, Natural Man)
1937Gordon Crosse, Bury Lancashire England, composer (Grace of Todd)
1938Bill Playle, cricketer (NZ batsman in 8 Tests without distinction)
1938Sandy Nelson, Santa Monica, 50s rocker (Teen Beat, All Night Long)
1939Lee Buck Trevino, Dallas Tx, PGA golfer (US Open 1968, 71)
1939Dianne Lennon, LA Calif, singer (Lennon Sisters)
1940Matthias Habich, actor (Straight to the Heart, A Corps Perdu)
1940Mike Denness, cricketer (England batsman & captain mid-70s)
1940Richard Pryor, Ill, comedian/actor (Lady Sings the Blues, Stir Crazy)
1940Ron Finn, Toronto, NHL linesman
1942Peter Kalikow, Queens NYC, real estate developer/publisher (NY Post)
1942John Crowley, US, sci-fi author (Deep, Beasts, Novelty)
1943Nicholas Peter Negroponte, NYC, founder/director (Media Lab at MIT)
1943Orton Enderlein, German FR, luge (Olympic-gold-1964)
1945Ross Edwards, cricketer (Aussie middle-order bat of the 70's)
1945John Densmore, LA, drummer (Doors-C'mon Light My Fire)
1945Bette Midler, Patterson NJ, singer/actress (Do You Want to Dance?)
1946Gilbert O'Sullivan, Ireland, singer (Alone Again Naturally)
1946Ho-Jun Li, Korea PR, rifle (Olympic-gold-1972)
1948Sarfraz Nawaz, cricketer (successful Pakistani pace bowler 1969-84)
1949Pablo Escobar Gaviria, Colombian drug baron
1950Richard Keith, Lafayette La, actor (Little Ricky-I Love Lucy)
1951Treat Williams, Rowayton CT, actor (Flashpoint, Hair)
1951Jaco Pastorius, US jazz guitarist (Weather Report-Word of Mouth)
1951Eric Bloom, rock vocalist/guitarist (Blue Oyster Cult)
1951Alexander Panayotov Aleksandrov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-5)
1954Bob Goen, TV host (Wheel of Fortune, Entertainment Tonight)
1955Uwe Benter, German FR, coxsman (Olympic-gold-1972)
1956Stuart Kimball, rock guitarist (Face To Face)
1958Charlene Tilton, San Diego Calif, actress (Lucy Ewing-Dallas)
1960Carol Alt[man], Queens NY (Mrs Ron Greshner)/actress (Private Parts)
1961Barb Mucha, Parma OH, LPGA golfer (1992 Oldsmobile Classic)
1962Stan Albers, Pleasant Beach NJ, actor (Curtis-Loving)
1962Pamela McGee, WNBA center/forward (Sacramento Monarchs)
1963Arjuna Ranatunga, cricketer (Sri Lankan Test batsman since 1982)
1964Soren Henriksen, Denmark cricket all-rounder (86-94 ICC, Lancs 85-86)
1966Craig David Parry, Sunshine Victoria, PGA golfer (1994 Honda-2nd)
1966Greg McMichael, Knoxville TN, pitcher (Atlanta Braves)
1966Matthew Laborteaux, actor (Killing Stone, Deadly Friend)
1966Mike Flores, NFL defensive end (Washington Redskins)
1966Steve Walsh, NFL quarterback (Chic Bears)
1967Reggie Sanders, Florence SC, outfielder (Cin Reds)
1967Nestor Carbonell, NYC, actor (Luis-Suddenly Susan)
1968Anders Holmertz, Swedish free style swimmer (world record 400m)
1968Eddie Britton, wide reciever (Baltimore Ravens)
1968Steve Walsh, quarterback (Tampa Bay Buccaneers)
1970Kirk Rueter, Centralia IL, pitcher (Montreal Expos)
1970Takahiro Ikenoue, WLAF LB (Rhein Fire)
1970Todd Steussie, NFL guard/tackle (Minnesota Vikings)
1971Tom Robsock, NFL/WLAF guard (Raiders, Barcelona Dragons)
1971Rob Zatechka, NFL guard (NY Giants)
1971Oscar Sturgis, WLAF DE (Frankfurt Galaxy)
1972Andre Royal, linebacker (Carolina Panthers)
1972Charlie Jones, wide reciever (San Diego Chargers)
1973Eric Thomas, Chartage Texas, 400m hurdler
1973Mia Farrance, Melbourne VIC Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)
1974Richard Jordan, linebacker (Detroit Lions)
1975Alya Rohali, Miss Universe-Indonesia (1996)
1975Sandra Maidana, Miss Universe-Uruguay (1996)
1976Konerak Sinthasomphone, Milwaukee Wisc, Jeffrey Dahmer's victim
1988Zoe Kravitz, daughter of Lisa Bonet & Lenny Kravitz

Deaths for today in history Events  Birthdays
0660Eligius/Eloy, French bishop of Tournay-Noyon/saint, dies
1135Henry I Beauclerc, king of England (1st king that could read), dies
1374Magnus Eriksson, king of Norway/Sweden, dies
1417Walraven I van Brederode, viceroy of Holland, dies
1455Lorenzo Ghiberti, Italian sculptor, dies at 77
1515Gonzalo Fern ndez de Córdoba, [el Gran Capit n], Span gen, dies at 62
1521Leo X, [Giovanni de' Medici], Italian Pope (1513-21), dies at 45
1530Margaretha of Austria, governess of the Netherlands, dies at 51
1580Giovanni Morone, Italian theologian/diplomat/cardinal, dies at 71
1580Edmund Campion, English jesuit, hanged at 42
1623Thomas Weelkes, composer, dies at 47
1633Isabella of Austria, infante of Spain/governess in Holland, dies at 67
1635Melchior Teschner, composer, dies at 51
1651Cristobal de Isla Diego, composer, dies at 65
1700Willem ten Rhijne, Dutch physician in Batavia, dies at about 53
1707Jeremiah Clarke, composer, dies
1709A Sancta Clara, writer, dies
1709Abraham a Santa Clara, [Johann Megerle], Germ court vicar, dies at 65
1727Johann Heinrich Buttstett, composer, dies at 61
1729Christian Ludwig Boxberg, composer, dies at 59
1736Simon van Slingelandt, Dutch grand pensionary (1727-36), dies at 72
1750Doppelmayr, mathematician
1755Maurice Greene, composer, dies at 59
1797Oliver Wolcott, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 71
1808Anton Fischer, composer, dies at 30
1813Ferdinando Bertoni, composer, dies at 88
1817Justin Heinrich Knechtl, composer, dies at 65
1825Aleksandr I P Romanov, czar of Russia (1801-25), dies at 47
1842Philip Spencer, 1st US naval officer condemned for mutiny, hanged
1865Constant van Crombrugghe, Flemish monastery founder, dies at 76
1887Albertus J Duymaer van Twist, gov-gen of Dutch-Indies, dies at 78
1892? de Bruyne, Belgian sergeant in Congo, murdered
1892Joseph Lippens, Belgian lieutenant in Congo, murdered
1893Eduard Franck, composer, dies at 76
1901George Lohmann, cricketer (in S Africa 18 Tests, 112 wickets), dies
1916Charles E Vicomte de Foucauld, French explorer, dies at 58
1925Vicente Arregui Garay, composer, dies at 54
1926Hans Heinrich XIV Hochberg, composer, dies at 83
1932Amadeo Vives, composer, dies at 61
1934Sergei M Kirov, Josef Stalin's collaborator, assassinated in Leningrad
1935Bernard Schmidt, inventor (Schmidt camera), dies
1939Max Fiedler, composer, dies at 79
1941Horace Chapman, cricketer (2 Tests for S Africa, 39 runs, 1 wkt), dies
1945Harvey Bartlett Gaul, composer, dies at 64
1947Aleister Edward S Crowley, British occultist, dies at 72
1947Hardy, mathematician, dies
1950Ernest John Moeran, British composer, dies at 55
1951Felix Petyrek, composer, dies at 59
1952Victor E Orlando, Italian premier (1917-19), dies at 92
1960Ion Vasilescu, composer, dies at 57
1968Hugo Haas, actor/director (Bait, Pick Up), dies of asthma at 66
1970Frank Smailes, cricketer (England pace bowler Test v India 1946), dies
1971Arthur B Springarn, US NAACP chairman (1940-65), dies at 93
1972Antonio Segni, Italian PM/pres (1955-57, 59-60, 62-64), dies at 81
1973David Ben-Gurion, founding father of Israel, dies in Tel Aviv at 87
1974Lajos Zilahy, Hungarian/US author (Angry Angel), dies at 83
1974Stephen Gill Spottswood, US bishop/chairman (NAACP), dies at 77
1975Nick Kenny, US columnist/songwriter (Nick Kenny Show), dies at 80
1977Paul Hardy, Belgian designer (Italian Country, dies at 69
1980Sam Levene, actor (Purple Heart, Designing Women), dies at 75
1982Dorothy James, composer, dies on 81st birthday
1983Mirsky, mathematician, dies
1986Horace Heidt, orch leader (Swift Show Wagon), dies at 85
1986Robert L "Bobby" Layne, football player (Detroit Lions), dies at 59
1986[Irving] Lee Dorsey, [Kid Chocolate], US boxer/singer, dies at 59
1987Donn Fulton Eisele, Col USAF/astronaut, dies of a heart attack at 57
1987James Arthur Baldwin, writer (Another Country), dies at 63
1989Alvin Ailey, US choreographer (Blues Suite, Revelations), dies at 58
1990Jan H de Groot, Dutch co-founder (Vrij Nederland), dies
1991Byron Webster, actor (That Man Bolt), dies of AIDS at 58
1991George Joseph Stigler, US economist (Nobel 1982), dies at 80
1994Hugh Chilvers, cricketer (151 wickets leg-spin for NSW 1928-37), dies
1994Lionel Stander, actor (Max-Hart to Hart), dies at 86
1996Barbak Karmal, politician, dies at 67
1996Irving Gordon, songwriter, dies at 81
1997Denis Gerald Barrington, artist, dies at 67
1997Stephane Grappelli, French jazz violinist, dies at 89

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Original script written & produced by RGA
Archives by Bruce T. Goldman